Gooseberries - berry shrub gets its spread from North Africa and Western Europe. As a wild plant gooseberries mass found in the Ukraine, the Caucasus and in Transcaucasia
Central, South Europe, and North America. Despite the fact that gooseberries loved by gardeners, the plant is often found in wild plant in Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Smolensk, Tver, Vladimir, Moscow and many other areas of Russia and Ukraine.
Gooseberry is a shrub up to 1-1, 5 meters with dark brown bark. Shoots gooseberry are cylindrical, thin, like needles, spikes. Fruits of the bush - round or oval fruit with conspicuous veins, reaches its maturity in June-August.
Because of its taste and beneficial properties of gooseberry widely eaten fresh, it is also used as an ingredient for the preparation of fruit drinks, compotes, jams, wine and marmalade. Decoctions and infusions gooseberry used in folk medicine as an analgesic, tonic, laxative and diuretic.
Gooseberry juice mixed with honey, is struggling with inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, and a decoction of the leaves of shrubs helps with menopause and prolonged uterine bleeding.
The structure consists of gooseberry sugar, pectin, organic acids, tannins, iron, copper, phosphorus, carotene, vitamin B, C, P. Vitamin A helps to strengthen the body's cells, protect the mucous membranes; Vitamin B6- indispensable element in the treatment of nervous disorders, diseases of the cardiovascular system, normalization of protein metabolism; Ascorbic acid improves the immune system, stimulates the brain and nervous system.
In addition, gooseberries contain large amounts of silicon, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, warning thus, the appearance of varicose veins.
The optimum ratio of sodium and potassium (1:11) determines gooseberry decongestant properties. Contained in the berry pectin makes it an indispensable product for the withdrawal of radionuclides and other toxic substances from the body of people who have undergone a chemical treatment or radiation exposure.
Use gooseberry above properties are not limited to: the berry is widely used in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, bladder, gastroehnterokolitah, copper deficiency, iron and phosphorus in the body. In folk medicine, gooseberries used as a means of eliminating metabolic disorders.
Hypertensive gooseberry helps maintain normal blood pressure.
The berries of this shrub undemanding possess antitumor, choleretic, diuretic, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory and tonic properties.
Gooseberry is a valuable dietary product, often using as a primary or secondary product fasting day. Description of diet: within 1-2 weeks of daily eat about 700-800 grams of gooseberry, severely restricting calorie intake with the rest of the food.
Calorie gooseberry is 43 kcal per 100 grams of product. Of them:
- Proteins - 0, 7 g;
- Fat - 0, 2 g;
- Carbohydrates - 12, 0 g
that the berry bushes is recommended for people who are on diet, calorie gooseberry is high enough, and they should not be abused.
Included in the gooseberries in a lot of tannins and acids devastating effect on the gastrointestinal tract and intestinal motility in the presence of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers, colitis, enterocolitis in the acute stage, as well as intestinal dysbiosis.
A decoction of the leaves of gooseberry is a natural diuretic, its abuse may lead to adverse health effects: loss of vitamins, dehydration, slowing metabolism.
Use gooseberry questioned, while the use of berries with milk products (except cottage cheese) and fresh plums.
Berry is widely used for desserts: jelly, stewed fruit, jam, jam. With its sweet and sour taste of gooseberry well with fish and meat dishes as a sauce.
One of the most successful ways of using gooseberry, whose properties are close to vinogradu- manufacturing of its berries homemade wine. To make it, take good ripe (but not over-ripe) berries, which are then crushed. Thick with particles gooseberry (pulp) infused in a dark, cool place for several days. Once given berries juice, liquid must be released pomace again fill with water and allow them to stand for several days. The obtained liquid of the first and second pressing water and sugar is added (at the rate of 700-800 gram sugar-1, 7-1, 8 liters of water).