Elderberries - is a perennial plant belonging to the family of honeysuckle.
Externally, black or red elderberry are large shrub or small tree. Elderberry blossoms from May to mid-June with small yellowish-white flowers with a fragrant aroma. Ripe berries are red elderberry, and black, in August - September.
In the wild, red elderberry and black are found on the edges of woods on the south-east and central Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus, Ukraine, in the Crimea. There is a growing elder, in shady places, and on the sunny meadow.
The difference from the red elderberry is that black elderberry has many useful properties, but the red elderberry is considered a poisonous plant.
The benefits of elderberry and its properties
Elderberry black different complex chemical composition. It consists of the following components:
- Organic acids;
- The semi-volatile oil;
In addition, useful properties due to the content of an elder in her tanning, parafinopodobnyh and mucous substances.
To a greater extent in the black elderberry malic acid. Many therein ascorbic acid (vitamin C) as well as natural sugars (glucose and fructose).
Not only elderberries are rich in vitamins and minerals. Use elderberry and properties used for the treatment, represented in its leaves, branches and bark. The benefits of elderberry in the leaves is the high content of carotene and vitamin C. But the dried leaves contain pro-vitamin A1.
Thanks to this rich composition, leaves, flowers and bark of elderberry have a mass of healing properties:
- Calming (sedative);
Young leaves of elderberries possess tonic and laxative properties. Broth from all parts of elderberry have the ability to regulate the body's metabolism. Many useful properties of black elderberry have berries in dried form.
By taking elderberry health benefits provided the following results:
1. Improves the excretion of bile;
2. enhances diuresis;
3. Improves the promotion of intestinal contents.
For the treatment used normally, flowers, berries and leaves of black elderberry. They are dried in the oven and harvested for the winter.
It should be noted that the use of elderberry is stored in the fruit during 6 months, longer store it is not recommended. But in the properties of the black elderberry flowers can be stored for a long time. Thus, the colors can be stored 2 - 3 years, but only in a dry place with good ventilation. Properties in the red elderberry flowers are also considered hazardous because they are not recommended, even for home decoration.
Undoubtedly, more usefully black elderberry has raw. Even in ancient times, people plucked shoots and make a salad. However, they caution, and were able to distinguish red from black elder. A fresh elderberries used for the preparation of beverages. The juice of black elderberry and now mixed with lemon juice, zest and water. Thus, a genuine healing brew.
From elderberry can prepare jelly, compotes and jams. For sweetness recommended to add them in the honey, and no sugar. Because of this, the use of black elderberry will save a greater extent.
Traditional medicine uses the active use of black elderberry. Fresh and dried fruits of elderberry successfully used for the treatment and prevention of the following diseases:
- Kidney disease;
- Diseases of the bladder;
The fruits of black elderberry dried and used to treat a rare disease malaria. Dried and fresh berries black elderberry, according to medical studies, have such high medicinal properties, which are included in the complex therapy in oncology (cancer of the stomach and skin cancer). In the case of stomach cancer, the patient is given jam from fresh fruit elderberry. Oncologists treat skin special means: fresh berries squeeze, insist on the fault, and the thus obtained extract of black elderberry treated patient.
Of the flowers and leaves of black elderberry prepare teas and infusions, which have strong antibacterial and sudorific properties. These tools help for colds (sore throat, flu, bronchitis, SARS). For healing infusion take 1 tbsp. l. flowers and boiled water. This mixture is brought to a boil and tantalized over low heat 15 - 20 minutes. Then the broth cool, squeeze and used in the form of heat for 0, 5 cups, inside, before eating. Infusion can also gargle for colds. In addition, such a drug greatly helps in the fight against illnesses such as arthritis, gout and rheumatism.
By applying a steaming black elderberry leaves to the affected area can relieve inflammation. That is why such a tool used for the following problems:
- Diaper rash;
- Inflammation of hemorrhoids;
A common folk remedy for constipation is to use use black elder of the young fresh leaves. Properties Elderberry red in the leaves also are poisonous, so it is important to distinguish it when the leaves are collected. So, for the treatment of chronic constipation use the healing properties of elderberry way: boil the leaves in honey, and the resulting medication is taken orally.
Broth (inside and in the form of lotions) from the bark of elderberry good help in various diseases:
- Skin diseases;
- Kidney disease;
In addition, the use of elderberry and toning and rejuvenating properties are widely used in cosmetics. From the flowers of the plant are prepared lotion and used to wipe the face and neck. This lotion can also be frozen and to wipe them skin.
Contraindications and harmful if used elderberry
Elderberries, like any other medicinal plant has some contraindications for use.
So, black elderberry is not recommended for use with the following impairments:
- Ulcerative colitis (enterocolitis);
- Crohn's disease;
- Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Pregnancy (very carefully, under the supervision of a physician).
Most often, doctors warn patients from the use of elderberry children under 12 years.
Unfortunately, people often confuse the black elder plants and red. Wanting to be used for medicinal purposes is a plant, you have to be cautious and not make a mistake, as Sambucus racemosa can harm health.
Sambucus racemosa is poisonous to humans, because with this plant should be especially careful. To distinguish red from black elder is not very simple: red elderberry is different, of course, its red berries. But it is only when it comes maturation. But in those periods when used for medicinal purposes leaves and twigs of the plant, it is important to be able to distinguish red from black elder. Otherwise, one can not obtain the benefit of Sambucus racemosa and poisoning organism.