Gherkin for its beautiful green color is often called "emerald vegetable." In fact, it is a
false berry herbaceous plant belonging to the family Cucurbitaceae. The fruits of cucumber are consumed unripe form.
Homeland of this culture is not precisely known. Most botanists are inclined to think that, initially, cucumbers grown in India, later were brought to China, and from there spread throughout the world. Currently, they are grown elsewhere.
Many people mistakenly believe that cucumber - a delicious, but in terms of healthy eating useless product. In fact, far from it. Yes, cucumbers do not contain a lot of vitamins, but they have a lot of other biologically active substances, by which a cucumber can be safely attributed to the category of dietary products.
Calorie Cucumber extremely low, and is only 13, 5 kcal per 100 g 0 "emerald vegetable." Therefore, cucumbers without fear can be consumed by people even follow very strict diet.
Low calorie cucumber makes this product particularly useful in dietary obese. Especially as cucumbers produce a feeling of satiety, regulate appetite and improve digestion.
The composition of the cucumber:
- Less than 0, 5% of carbohydrates, fats and proteins;
- 98, 5% water, helps not only to quench thirst, but also cleanses the body of toxic substances;
- Small amounts of vitamins C, PP, E and group B;
- 1% fat, promotes the normalization of the bowel.
In addition to the cucumber contains a lot of iodine and potassium, which are easily absorbed by the human body. Therefore, the benefit of cucumbers for people suffering from kidney disease, a thyroid gland and the cardiovascular system can hardly be overestimated. Moreover cucumbers are the source of various minerals - molybdenum, manganese, copper, zinc, fluorine, chromium, cobalt, aluminum, chlorine, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron and sodium. These macro- and microelements are actively involved in various metabolic processes in the human body.
Useful properties of cucumber
It has long been a proven fact that cucumbers promote better digestion of protein food, and so they must be combined with meat and fish dishes. Has choleretic, laxative and diuretic. These properties make them useful cucumbers in dietary people suffering from kidney disease, cardiovascular system and gastrointestinal tract. Regular consumption of food helps to eliminate constipation and edema. Fiber contained in cucumbers, not only normalizes the activity of the intestine, but also contributes to the removal of a surplus of bad cholesterol.
The unique properties of cucumber can be called its ability to neutralize acidic compounds, leading to premature aging and the development of osteoarthrosis.
Use cucumber for healthy hair and skin for a long time and is well known to all. Masks from cucumber excellent job with high fat content of the skin, fight inflammation and acne, remove age spots and freckles.
It should be remembered that all of the above useful properties have only fresh cucumbers, but no it does not pickled or salted.
Hazardous properties of cucumber
Cucumbers are capable of increasing the secretion of gastric juice. Therefore, they can not be included in the diet food with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis with high acidity and reflux esophagitis. Nursing mothers should remember that cucumbers have a laxative effect. If a child has a tendency to constipation, the inclusion of this vegetable in the diet of mother is warranted. In other cases, the use of cucumbers lactating mothers should be abandoned.