Description coriander plant
Coriander - photophilous herbaceous annual plant of the family Umbelliferae, its foliage resembles parsley. The height of it is rarely more than 60-70 cm. Flowering coriander in early summer with white or pink flowers in an umbrella-shaped and ovoid-spherical fruits ripen in July or late September in more northern areas.
Seeds of plants are called coriander and herbs - cilantro or coriander.
Coriander is a spice and medicinal plant, used in ancient Greece and Rome, where it and brought to other continents. Mention of it is, in the ancient Egyptian medical treatise - Eberskom papyrus. Now coriander is widely cultivated in many countries and is used as a spice, herb and a source of essential oils.
Useful properties of coriander
Due to its beneficial properties of coriander has antispasmodic, antiseptic, carminative, choleretic and a slight laxative effect, and it also stimulates the activity of digestive glands.
Coriander improves digestion and increases the production of gastric juice, which helps get rid of heaviness in the stomach after a heavy meal. The distinguishing feature is its ability coriander address the root causes of allergies, affecting digestion. It is an excellent tool long used together with dill and fennel with excess flatulence.
One of the famous last century phytotherapeutists A. Leclerc has advised coriander after an intestinal infection (eg, fever and intestinal flu) for the restoration of the digestive system.
Useful properties of coriander is due to its composition:
- Vitamins A, B1, PP, B2, B4, B5, B6, B9, E, G, K;
- Macronutrients - potassium (521 mg per 100 g of green leaves), phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and sodium;
- Trace elements - zinc, and iron (1, 77 and 0, 5 mg, respectively, per 100 g of green leaves), as well as manganese, copper, and selenium.
According to the content carotene, rutin and a number of other vitamins coriander surpasses many other spice plants, and vitamin C it contains more than the lemon (27 mg per 100 g of green leaves).
Calorie coriander is 23 kcal per 100 g of green leaves.
The use of coriander
For therapeutic purposes, to improve digestion most commonly used herbal teas and infusions from the fruit of coriander, which one teaspoon of crushed seeds pour a glass of boiling water and insist in a sealed container for one hour. As a rule, take an infusion of up to four times a day for 0, 25 cup half an hour before meals.
This same infusion taken as an adjunct in the treatment of colds, chronic cough and pleurisy.
Application coriander also effective therapeutic formulations:
- As cholagogue - with immortelle and mint leaves;
- When gallstones - the fruits of anise, grass knotweed, St. John's wort, celandine and Viola tricolor, dandelion root and corn silk;
- For the treatment of prostatitis - with seeds of onion, plantain, carrot and parsley;
- When inflammation of the pancreas - with grass and celandine motherwort and birch leaves.
In folk medicine coriander seeds include compositions to enhance sexual function, and a mixture of cilantro and parsley is used in the treatment of impotence. Fresh juice of coriander leaves is considered a good styptic.
According to historical sources, Hippocrates said about the effectiveness of the use of coriander in hysteria. It is also the fruit of the plant is recommended to relieve tension in stressful conditions and in the treatment of depression, for which 100 g of crushed seeds added to 1 liter of dry red wine and take 50-100 g during lunch and dinner.
Cilantro is widely used in cooking. At the same time the seeds are most often used as a spice in cheeses, sausages and meat products, canned fish, marinades and pickles, alcoholic beverages, sauces, baked goods, bakery and confectionery products. Also, they are shown in different curry spice mixtures.
Green plants - coriander as a spice fresh in salads and used as a seasoning for meat dishes and soups.
A decoction of coriander is used as an external agent in cosmetics, as he, like parsley, whiten skin, which is often used in freckles.
The use of essential oil of coriander
Fruits coriander contains 1, 5% essential oil and 20% fatty oil, a major component of which is linalool (70%). Further, plant seeds comprise terpinene, geraniol, pinene, borneol and phellandrene.
Essential oil of coriander is the starting material for the production of oil with the scent of violet, rose, lemon, lily, orange and others. It is used in soap, cosmetics, textile and cosmetics industries. Furthermore, it is the starting material for the manufacture of preparations which are used in the treatment of ocular diseases (conjunctivitis, glaucoma).
Aromatherapists suggest using the essential oil of coriander in the suppression and depressive states, as well as smooth muscle spasms. In addition, it is recommended to use as a night light psihovegetoregulyator, relieve fatigue, nervousness, irritation, postpartum depression, as well as for the normalization of hormonal levels.
Massage with essential oil of coriander is effective for neuralgia and rheumatism, but also helps get rid of stress and fatigue.
Absolute contraindications to pregnancy is coriander. Also, during pregnancy should not be used and essential oil plants.
In addition, coriander is a contraindication to increased blood clotting, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, hypertension, cholecystitis and some cardiovascular diseases.
Coriander essential oil should be used in therapeutic doses, as in large quantities, it depresses the heart and kidney. Also, the oil should not be applied to open wounds.