anise known since Hippocrates, and Avicenna, as well as a spice it is cultivated for thousands of years.
Anise - an annual herbaceous plant of the Umbelliferae. In it reaches a height of 50 cm. In the wild it grows in Greece, but it is cultivated in almost all countries of the world. For therapeutic purposes, using the roots, seeds and ground part of the plant.
Stems are harvested during flowering with even unripe fruits. They were cut and dried in a dry, dark place. Fruits (seeds) are already collected mature, and also dried in a dark place, spreading a thin layer. The roots of the plants are dug after harvesting in autumn.
Homeland anise are the Middle East and the Mediterranean region. Grow the plant began a few thousand years ago. Certainly it is known that in the 1st century BC, it was grown in ancient Greece, Egypt and Crete. In the Middle Ages the plant spread throughout the Mediterranean, where it was grown not only as a spice, but also as a medicinal plant. Today anise cultivated worldwide, but the greatest popularity it enjoys spice in Egypt, Southeast Asia, Southern Europe and the Middle East.
The use of anise in cooking
Fruits anise culinary used as herbs. They are added to baked goods, confectionery and bakery products as a separate ingredient or in combination with other spices. Add them to the canned fruit and jam, all kinds of dips and sauces to vegetable and meat dishes.
On the basis of anise cook arak, sambuca, absinthe, mastic and other alcoholic drinks. In eastern cuisine anise is often added to tea, infusions and fruit soups for flavoring and soaking products.
From anise make oil, which is widely used in confectionery, bakery, meat, fish and alcohol production, and in soap making.
The composition and caloric content of anise
100 g of anise contain 9, 5 g of water, 17, 6 g protein, 15 g fat 9, 14, 6 g fat, 35 g carbohydrates 4, 7 g of ashes; vitamins: thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (PP), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), folic acid (B9), ascorbic acid (C); macronutrients: phosphorus, sodium, magnesium, potassium, calcium; trace elements: zinc, selenium, copper, manganese, and iron.
Calorie anise is 337 kcal per 100 g of product.
In folk medicine, anise ordinary use as an analgesic, expectorant, diaphoretic, antiseptic, antipyretic. By beneficial properties include improved anise intestinal motility, secretory function of airway and gastro-intestinal tract.
Anise seeds are highly valued and are part of laxatives, thoracic, sweatshops and stomach fees. Through the use of anise, it is successfully used in the perfume, liquor and food industries.
A decoction of the seeds of anise is used to treat spasms of the intestine, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence, constipation, stomach bleeding, painful menstruation and menstrual irregularities, and as a means to improve digestion. In nursing mothers decoction of anise seeds to improve lactation.
The infusion of stems and seeds of the plant improves the functioning of the liver and pancreas. It is used for coughs, bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia, shortness of breath, tracheitis, laryngitis. Known medicinal properties of anise promoting liquefaction of sputum, so often it is used in whooping cough in children.
A decoction of the seeds
anise with honey has a good effect in hoarseness. A decoction is used for burns seeds, mixed with egg white.
Known benefits of anise as a diuretic in urolithiasis, kidney and bladder.
According to its medicinal properties of anise ordinary inferior cumin and fennel, but he is much more pleasant taste. So it turns out anise tasty and healthy tea.
From anise make oil, which is a yellowish liquid with a pleasant spicy-sweet flavor. Anise oil is included in the composition of thoracic elixirs, cough drops. Use it as an expectorant and antiseptic in the treatment of colds and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract (bronchitis, tonsillitis, laryngitis, rhinitis, flu).
Anise oil is used in scurvy, loss of voice, burns and inflammations on the gums and tonsils.
Another benefit of anise is that it can not tolerate the smell of insects, so it is often used in the fight against bedbugs, flies, mosquitoes and lice.
The roots of anise include various fees for improving cardiac function. And to get rid of bad breath, they give smokers chew.
In anise and preparations based on it, there are contraindications. So, they can not be used for gastric and 12 duodenal ulcer, pregnancy, ulcerative colitis, with increased acidity of gastric juice, as well as children up to twelve years.
The duration of treatment anise oil should not exceed seven days. In addition, prolonged or excessive use infusion broth and anise can cause allergic reactions.