Many believe a hybrid of lemon lime. This view is erroneous. In fact lime is much older member of the genus Citrus, rather than a lemon.
Description of lime
Lime - evergreen plant belonging to the genus Citrus, Rutaceae family. It looks like a small tree plant 1, 5-5 m tall with dense foliage. Tree branches littered with short spines. Fruits of lime ovoid, have a yellow or green color, similar in appearance with lemon.
Homeland of this evergreen tree is the Malay Peninsula, located in Southeast Asia. Mediterranean lime appeared 1000 years BC. In the 70s of the 19th century lime trees began to grow on an industrial scale in the Antilles.
The tree grows in almost all countries with tropical climates. Especial popularity it enjoys in regions where, due to too high humidity lemons do not grow, while the lime grows well in such adverse weather conditions. But when the temperature is below zero trees are dying. The largest exporters of lime in the international market are Egypt, Cuba, India and Mexico.
In fact, not a hybrid of lemon lime, as is commonly believed, and vice versa - is a hybrid of lemon and lime citrus another - etrog. From lemon plant is characterized by a thin skin, which usually green or yellowish-green (that's why it is called "green lemon"). The pulp has a sour taste, juiciness and different green tint. There are many varieties of lime, but mostly they are divided into two groups: sweet and sour.
Like other citrus lime is widely used in cooking. Lime juice more acidic than lemon zest and fragrance brighter and more saturated. I am eating it fresh and added to various dishes and drinks to give them flavor and acid. The most popular non-alcoholic beverage based on plants is "limead." In the manufacture of beverage «Sprite» producers use dried fruit of this plant. In addition, lime is a necessary component of many alcoholic drinks (margaritas, mojitos, gin and tonic). Confectioners use peel and pulp plants - known in many countries are the key lime pie and key lime cake. In Mexico and Latin America from a plant preparing a special sauce for spicy dishes of meat and fish.
Lime juice is used to produce oil and citric acid, it is used widely in cosmetics.
The composition of lime
100 g of the product contain 88, 26 g of water, 7, 76 g carbohydrate, 2, 8 g of fat, 0, 7 g protein, 0, 3 g of ashes and 0, 2 grams of fat; vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C, E, K, B4; macronutrients phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium; trace elements copper, iron, zinc, selenium, manganese.
Calories 100 g of lime is 30 kcal.
Useful properties of lime
The main use of lime is high in vitamin C and potassium, which has beneficial effects on blood vessels, lowers "bad" cholesterol "in the blood, slows the aging process of the body and the skin, prevents the development of atherosclerosis. Lime has useful properties as in colds and infectious diseases, vitamin deficiency, decreased immunity, angina.
With regular use of the benefits of lime is prevents the development of caries, it reduces bleeding gums and strengthens them. In addition, lime is an excellent antidepressant, and in the winter it must be included in the diet for the prevention of seasonal depression and toning.
In combination with salt lime juice produces laxative effect, so it is recommended for the prophylaxis of constipation. Another use of lime is cleansing the body of toxins. When you add it to the meat dishes it helps them easier digestibility and improves the gastrointestinal tract.
Essential oil of lime traditionally used in aromatherapy as an effective remedy for colds and runny nose, its aroma can lift your mood.
Despite the many beneficial properties of lime, it is contraindicated for people suffering from pancreatitis, gastritis and gastric ulcer. This is due to high content of citric acid in the plant.