Pine nuts - a real storehouse of nutrients. The name is a generalized and used to refer to several species of the genus pine seeds, which are also called cedar pines and gives edible seeds. In the scientific sense, they are not nuts, but this name is firmly stuck them in cooking.
Composition pine nuts
According to research, only 43% of the total weight of the nut kernel itself weighs. It was part of the nuclei of cedar nuts contain the maximum amount of useful trace elements, vitamins, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. 63, 9% of the core consists of high-quality oil, but the 17, 2% - is easily digestible proteins that can accommodate in its structure about 19 amino acids, 70% of which are conditionally essential.
As part of the shell of pine nuts, which is more than half (55-60%) of the total weight of the seeds, contains amino acids, tannins, minerals and sugars. The chemical composition of shells - it's a real source of fats, proteins, resins, fiber, ash, macro- and microelements, pentosan.
Useful properties of pine nuts
Medicinal and nutritional properties of these nuts can be largely explained by sufficient qualitative composition, which includes plenty of protein, fat and many other useful substances. Fat pine nuts from numerous other fats characterized in that it contains a lot of polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly linoleic.
Of the various nitrogenous substances in nuts predominate proteins characterized by a high content of amino acids as the predominant among them is arginine. This amino acid is especially important for the growing organism and its development, therefore, the nuts should be an obligatory element of the diet of pregnant women, teenagers and children. In addition, pine nuts digestible proteins.
These nuts are valuable bearers of fat-vitamins F and E. Vitamin E group (the second of their name - tocopherols) incredibly important to ensure a good and full inheritance - even in the Greek word "tocopherol" is a second name of this group of vitamins, hidden meaning of "bear offspring ". Provided that the body does not have sufficient amounts of the vitamin may be disrupted fat balance. Derived from pine nuts Vitamin E is responsible for the formation of milk in nursing mothers, therefore, in the absence or deficiency of this vitamin can stop lactation. The tendency to atherosclerosis is also largely due to a lack of vitamin E.
Use pine nuts is in their content of complex B vitamins, which normalize the nervous system, as well as significantly improve the blood, are beneficial to the development of the organism. That's peanuts are an indispensable tool in the anti-beriberi.
Kernels pine nuts are rich in a variety of valuable trace elements and minerals. The chemical composition of nuts and confirms their nutritional value. For example, pine nuts significantly superior to all other nuts phosphatide phosphorus content, they are also a rich source of iodine.
That pine nuts contain a variety of minerals and amino acids, which is enough to meet the daily requirement of cobalt, zinc, manganese and copper. The digestibility of nuts is quite high, so for the body of their use is incredibly high.
The use of a pine nut is enclosed in its shell, which is in powdered state is widely used as an additive in animal feed. In comparison with the mass of the other feed medium it has nutritional value, but contains a lot of fiber, thus increasing the digestibility of the feed.
In the process of extraction of oil from cedar nut kernels by cold pressing method remains a special cedar oil cake, it is rich in various trace elements, biologically active substances, vitamins B, C, E and A, protein, unsaturated fatty acids. Furthermore, dispersion does not contain cholesterol. He is an excellent dietary product, the use of which normalizes metabolism, maintains performance and support health for many years.
The addition of pine nuts, oils and cake from it in various desserts (whether pastries, cakes or ice cream), fruit and vegetable salads, allows us to give the dish an incomparable delicate taste.
In addition to medicine, pine nut oil is used in the technical fields, for example, for the manufacture of high-quality optics.
Use pine nuts in folk medicine
Always very widely and readily nuts used in folk medicine in the treatment of a variety of diseases. For example, the Siberian population nuts were and are the most effective treatment for salt deposits in the joints. Kernels pine nuts were the basis of alcoholic liquors, which take a month for a few drops for the treatment of many diseases.
The properties of pine nuts allow you to use their cake and husks for making effective cleaning baths. This suite (further added thereto and bran) has the most beneficial effect on the skin and is recommended for eczema, diathesis, pustular and other skin diseases.
Tincture of cedar nuts commonly used in the treatment of gout, rheumatism, vitamin deficiency, metabolic disorders. As the nut shells - an incredibly rich source of tannins, because it is prepared tinctures and decoctions are used to treat inflammation of the mucous membranes and skin diseases. Properties pine nuts also allow their use in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
The infusion of kernels of pine nuts as a means to take that can clean up the blood. But at a peptic ulcer is useful to use the crushed kernels. In folk medicine, it is believed that in a variety of skin diseases, eczema, boils, and even cancer, regular consumption of pine nuts can lead to recovery.
The benefits of pine nuts can not be overstated, and for children and adolescents in the diet they must necessarily be as beneficial to mental and physical development.
Harm pine nuts
People with a tendency to allergies is not recommended to consume nuts, as this can lead to an allergic attack. Serious violation of taste sensations and promotes the use of low-quality pine nuts. However, such a breach can go several days without medical care.