It distinguishes between two completely different types of chestnut:
- horse, which is also called zheludnik;
- noble, which is also called "real".
It is the fruit of the last considered edible. The French have such a product is revered as a real delicacy, which has become a national, in his honor, they even arrange a holiday.
Noble (this) refers to a family of brown beech, and is grown in Europe, North America and Asia. The most favorable climate for plants - a warm subtropical climate. This type of wood is different from zheludnika form of fruit and leaves. In a round box noble chestnut is about 2-4 nuts. This type of plant is not grown in Russia, but its quite easy to buy at many stores.
But the world-famous horse chestnut tree with a broad crown, which can reach 30 meters in height, it is different petiolate leaves rounded in outline, more like the hand with a sufficiently large number of "fingers". The flowers are collected in a tree in the Tirso, which are upright pyramidal inflorescence length reaches 30 cm. The fruits of the plants look like small spherical capsule, covered with spines when they ripen, the disclosed three doors. Usually there is only one zheludnike shiny, dark brown and big nut.
Useful properties of chestnut
A distinctive feature of the chestnut is the content in it a high enough fat content, which is in the number of small (down) differs only from almonds, walnuts, peanuts and hazelnuts. The chestnut contains about 60% starch, about 6% protein, 15% sugar and more than 2% fat. The composition of chestnut nut also includes vitamins B, A and C, minerals and fiber.
Due to the properties of the chestnut, which differ a high content of tannins, eat raw nuts in food is not recommended.
Absolutely all parts of the plant contain a variety of nutrients, though in different proportions. For example, in fruits chestnut contain biologically active substances, pectin, flavonoids, starches, tannins and oils; the branches and bark - a lot of glycosides, oils and tannins.
Alcohol tincture Chestnut decoctions and infusions are used to treat a variety of diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease and heart. Chestnut tincture also useful for the prevention and treatment of thrombosis and embolism.
In folk medicine, the use of chestnut is used to treat liver diseases, rheumatism, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, hemorrhoids, dozens of gynecological diseases, which are associated with stagnation of blood in the pelvis.
It has healing properties and inedible horse chestnut, which uses absolutely everything: the leaves and bark, and green shell and fruit. As for colors, and they have useful properties only being 1-2 on the bottom of flowering.
The use of chestnut
Most often, the chestnuts are consumed in the liver condition. The most popular variant of this preparation is considered to be in France, where the fall of the street is literally "buried" in the aromas of roasted chestnuts. Also, the nut can be eaten cooked or baked. Dried nuts can be used as an additive to cereal flour.
Calorie chestnut compared with other nuts is low and is only 170 calories.
In folk medicine, used the seeds of chestnut, the use of which is very high when dealing with different kinds of pain and inflammation. Zheludnika Flowers are pretty good honey plant. The nutritive seeds are like grains of corn, so they are made of flour.
In addition, it is believed that the Buckeyes put healing energy, through which you can get rid of many ailments and diseases. Chestnut proven benefit of mastitis, mastitis and even stagnation of milk that can happen when a baby breast feeding.
Chestnut tincture is used topically for the treatment of sciatica, gout, rheumatism and sciatica. In this case it is necessary to rub the tincture in the problem areas of the body, treatment lasts about 6 to 8 weeks.
Positively rubbing tincture Chestnut affects the muscle bundles, it contributes absorbable hematomas and tumors, while improves blood circulation in areas sprains and bruises. Traditional medicine in the properties of chestnut sees an effective tool for the treatment of rheumatism, cardiovascular and hypertension.
Also good, chestnut can bring harm to the human body and, therefore, before it is used it is mandatory to consult a doctor.
Since chestnut reduces blood clotting and its independent use for medicinal purposes totally recommended. It is strictly forbidden to take drugs with the addition of the plant in hypotension, diseases of the kidneys and liver, as well as through breast-feeding and pregnancy.