First aid after a bee sting
Probably everyone, Camping, felt the effects of a bee sting: on the site of the bite there is severe swelling, itching, and rashes all over the body, and sometimes dizziness and nausea. Sometimes people who are allergic, a bee sting experiencing anaphylactic shock. Unfortunately, it happens sometimes that after a bee sting first aid to a person do not have time to render, and it ends in death. It is therefore important to provide first aid when a bee sting as soon as possible.
What happens when a bee sting?
Bees sting in the abdomen is that insects use as a protective weapon. The body of the victim through the sting of the poison gets and quickly spread through the blood vessels.
There are three types of reactions to a bee sting: local, toxic and allergic. With a single bite more often than a local reaction: swelling and redness at the site of the bite, burning, itching, pain. Toxic reactions can occur if the person bitten at the same time five or more bees. There is added to the local symptoms of nausea, headache, fever, vomiting and even convulsions.
Approximately 1-2% of the people in the bee sting allergic reaction occurs. It is expressed in itching and tingling of the skin of the face and head, as well as language. All of these symptoms joins weakness, fever in the body, numbness, shortness of breath, vomiting, nausea, heart palpitations.
The most dangerous symptom is swelling, especially of the larynx and tongue, as this can cause suffocation. The extreme degree of allergic reaction is considered to be anaphylactic shock, accompanied by loss of consciousness and convulsions. This is a very dangerous condition that can lead to respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest.
First aid for bee sting
Actually, the first aid for a bee sting children and adults are not too different.
The first thing that you can help the person who was bitten by a bee - to try to remove the sting. To do this would be the best tweezers, in extreme cases, you can try to pull the sting nails. It is not necessary to squeeze the sting of his fingers, as this will provoke a more rapid spread of venom through the body.
Then attach to the site of the bite piece of cotton or gauze soaked in ammonia, hydrogen peroxide, saline solution (one teaspoon of salt per cup of water) or light pink solution of potassium permanganate.
To reduce pain and swelling withdraw during the first aid of a bee sting you need to bite the place to make a heating pad, filled with cold water or a towel soaked in cold water.
First aid for children of a bee sting is an urgent need to stay close to the child to attend, will not start if he had an allergic reaction.
The victim should be given a lot of drinking, and if you notice signs of an allergic reaction, do not interfere with antihistamines (tavegil, suprastin, diphenhydramine). It should avoid antihistamines, which reduce blood pressure or have high private allergenic potential (promethazine, promethazine, etc.).
In the event of an allergic or toxic reaction after a bee sting first aid begins with the extraction of the sting of the bite, and then treat it with an antiseptic. After that, the victim should be put, and wrap a warm blanket, you can make a warm heating pad to give him to take an antihistamine and 25-30 drops kordiamina. Then you should immediately call an ambulance or independently to deliver the injured to hospital.
If a person is showing signs of anaphylactic shock, he needs urgent introduction of glucocorticoids and adrenaline, which are unlikely to be found in your medicine cabinet. The only thing you can do before the arrival of emergency aid - cardiopulmonary resuscitation (chest compressions and artificial respiration).
When you need medical care when a bee sting?
Many people believe a bee sting quite insignificant thing. And indeed, in most cases you can restrict the provision of first aid for a bee sting children and adults. But in some cases professional help is a must, and this often depends on the life of the victim. These cases include:
- The appearance of symptoms characteristic of a severe allergic reaction;
- Signs of infection at the bite site (redness, swelling and pain at the site of the bite did not subside, and the body temperature rises);
- A large number of bites (5 or more), especially if the victim - a child or elderly people;
- Bee sting in the throat, inside of the mouth, the eyeball;
- The tendency of the victim to allergic reactions.