The expulsion of gastric contents through the mouth is called vomiting. Typically, nausea vomiting precedes - discomfort in the esophagus and stomach.
Vomiting: causes, diagnosis, care
Most vomiting is caused by the ingestion of substances harmful to humans - spoiled food, poisons, etc. It is an effective way to remove toxins through the digestive tract. For the appearance of vomiting meet the special vomiting center located in the brain.
Often the cause of vomiting can be a so-called motion sickness. During pregnancy, vomiting is one of the symptoms of toxicity. It can also be a side effect resulting from receipt of certain drugs.
Many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - gastritis, gastroduodenitis, enteritis and others, are also accompanied by vomiting. Often vomiting has psychogenic origin.
In order to understand the nature of the origin of vomiting, the patient needs a detailed survey. In addition, may require blood and urine tests, as well as X-ray, ultrasound, or esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
Some urgent conditions may also be accompanied by vomiting. If vomiting and profuse uncontrollable, sometimes with inclusions of blood, her reasons are not clear, or are a consequence of a head injury or a stomach, the patient's condition continued to deteriorate, the necessary emergency medical care. Especially urgent need to visit a specialist at vomiting in children.
Warning - the threat of vomiting and the temperature of the child
Risk of vomiting in a child is a child's body rapid dehydration and loss of electrolytes them, which can lead to death. In children, vomiting may occur against the background of gastro-intestinal infections, diseases of the nervous system due to emotional tension, as well as different pathologies requiring surgical intervention. At the same time, parents should be able to distinguish vomiting from regurgitation due banal air into the digestive tract.
A child of any age, especially younger or breast, with abundant repeated vomiting should immediately see a specialist. As a first aid techniques requires constant monitoring of the condition of the child, providing the position of the body, eliminates the ingress of vomit into the airway, toilet oral saline drinking.
Panic couple - vomiting and diarrhea
Vomiting and diarrhea are integral symptoms of various digestive disorders of different etiologies. In fact, they are a defensive reaction of the body, a kind of attempt to be cleansed of harmful substances.
The cause of vomiting and diarrhea can be poor quality food. Along with fever and abdominal pain may signal the beginning of an infectious disease.
If vomiting and diarrhea are not exhausting nature, during the first day you must drink plenty of liquids. It is best to use an alkaline mineral water or saline solutions pharmacy. If necessary, an electrolyte drink you can prepare yourself by adding a cup of clean boiled water over one teaspoon of salt and sugar. It is necessary to allow the body to get rid of their own toxins.
Easy antiseptic is a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is also expedient reception sorbents, such as activated carbon. An excellent remedy for diarrhea is a glass of water with a teaspoon of starch.
If these measures do not bring relief within a day or two, and vomiting temperature persists, consult a specialist.
Specific symptoms: vomiting bile
In these gastrointestinal diseases like peptic ulcer, chronic cholecystitis, or pancreatitis may occur vomiting bile. Her appearance indicates casting contents into the esophagus gallbladder. Acceptance of fatty and fried foods can provoke vomiting bile against the backdrop of the remission of the underlying disease as a result of its hypersecretion and disruption of the normal functioning of the gatekeeper.
In order to apply fibrogastroscopy diagnostics and measurement of gastric acidity. For the therapy using anti-inflammatory drugs, prokinetics (motilium etc.) to normalize the functions of the stomach and pylorus, antispasmodics and antibiotics.
To reduce the acidity of gastric juice used drugs of the hydrogen pump inhibitors (Almagelum and others). In order to achieve a rapid effect in the course of treatment include drugs ursodeoksiholovoy acid decomposing excess fatty acids.