What you should know about trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis - is one of the most common diseases, sexually transmitted diseases. Previously it was thought that the disease does not cause complications and easily cured with the help of two or three tablets, but in recent years, doctors are increasingly talking about the fact that trichomoniasis in men and women is a major public health problem. As the main proof of this point of view, the results of numerous studies that have shown that trichomoniasis causes pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, posttrihomonadnye complications and leads to pathologies of newborns. This includes ectopic pregnancy, signs of which are not always immediately possible to detect.
What is trichomoniasis?
Trichomoniasis affects the organs of the urogenital system of humans and causes specific pathogen - Trichomonas vaginalis. It belongs to a group of protozoan infection and is characterized by the ability to remain inside for a long time urinary organs, even under adverse conditions, and the effects of various drugs. In most cases, the diagnosis of trichomoniasis symptoms indicate the development of severe forms of the disease. This is due to the following reasons:
- inappropriate treatment;
- delays in seeking medical attention;
- delayed the correct diagnosis;
- thrust to self and national recipes.
As Trichomonas penetrate into the body, and the dangerous trichomoniasis in women and men?
Trichomoniasis is transmitted mainly through sexual contact. Can intrauterine transmission, when the fruit (mostly girls) are infected with trichomoniasis through the birth canal of the mother. "Pick up" the infection can be and, if not elementary hygiene rules, but such cases are extremely rare, which, however, does not detract from the importance of hand washing after using the toilet, and the need to have separate towels for each family member.
We have already mentioned the fact that until recently both doctors and patients treated for trichomoniasis are extremely skeptical. This was expressed at least in the fact that the diagnosis of trichomoniasis treatment was virtually "on the knee." Patients with trichomoniasis took a couple of pills and calmly went about their business, unaware that their body develops an infection, quickly leading to anatomical and functional changes on the part of the genitourinary system. In fairness it should be noted that many people do not know their illness, as very often trichomoniasis in women and men are asymptomatic.
If trichomoniasis in men at greatest risk are the prostate gland. Trichomonas cause prostatitis, leading to the formation of areas of active inflammation, provoke the development of cysts and stones. It comes to the fact that trichomoniasis, the symptoms of which are often ignored by the infected person progresses to sclerosis prostate. This complication does not allow people to safely carry out the act of urination, not to mention having sex, causing severe pain madly. Also prostatitis, men can experience the whole "charm" other serious consequences, including irregularities in the seminal vesicles, the accessory glands and organs of the scrotum.
However, trichomoniasis in women is much more dramatic change. Suffice it to say that in the advanced forms of the bearer of "harmless" infections can easily be on the surgical table, where life-saving doctors have to remove the testes. This often occurs during the development of purulent inflammation in the pelvic organs. There are many factors that can trigger a hidden trichomoniasis: symptoms in women occur after abortion, birth, intrauterine contraceptive device, disease, reduces the efficiency of the immune system.
Long for trichomoniasis lead to infertility in both men and women.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis
Symptoms of trichomoniasis appear 1 - 5 weeks. In women, trichomoniasis manifests itself:
- vaginal discharge (sometimes unpleasant smell or have a characteristic yellow color);
- redness of the external genitalia and severe itching in the affected area;
- pain with urination;
- severe pain during intercourse.
Trichomoniasis in men occurs virtually asymptomatic. Sometimes appear the following signs of illness:
- discharge from the urethra;
- pain in the act of urination;
- Symptoms of prostatitis
Diagnosis of the disease
The main method of diagnosis of trichomoniasis is considered to be a general study of smear. Women tested vaginal discharge in men - prostate secretion and discharge from the urethra. Since the diagnosis of trichomoniasis symptoms are often absent, to confirm the diagnosis using more precise laboratory techniques - crop, PCR PIF.
Treatment of trichomoniasis in women and men
The main treatment of trichomoniasis in women and men involves taking metronidazole (2 times a day for 7 days). In this preparation there are many other trade names: Clione, medazol, Nycomed, akvametro, metronidazole Teva, Trichopolum, trihazol. Sometimes, for a faster recovery and prevent possible complications patients are assigned additional procedures: prostate massage, immunotherapy, physical therapy, instillation of the urethra.
Once again, we note that in the diagnosis of trichomoniasis treatment should be carried out only after consultation with a specialist. Pursuing self-treatment, you will greatly increase the risk of complications that threaten the implementation of the normal human needs and can lead to complete sterility.
Prevention trichomoniasis comes to observing, warning venereal diseases. Key recommendations:
- to use condoms;
- attentive to the choice of partners;
- Avoid casual sexual relationships;
- Do not use shared towels, washcloths and other hygiene items.
Note also that trichomoniasis is easily transmitted during sexual intercourse, so if suspected of infection should be immediately examined for both partners.