Brief description of the disease
Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common parasitic diseases of humans. In Africa, South and Latin America, they are infected and 90% of the population. In Western Europe and the United States the number of carriers of the infection reaches 25-50% of the population. In our country, according to doctors, every third person is infected. Despite such a significant prevalence in most cases of toxoplasmosis in humans does not manifest itself. Moreover, many people are not even aware of its existence. This is due to the fact that when developing toxoplasmosis, symptoms often occur unnoticed by the patient or debited them to any other existing "sores." Quite a different situation in severe forms of infection that affects the nervous system, liver, spleen, eye and heart muscle.
Types of toxoplasmosis
Experts identify congenital and acquired toxoplasmosis. In the first case, the infection affects the fetus in the womb. This is a very dangerous situation, because very often the activity of pathogens can cause severe disturbances in the vital organs and even death of the child.
Acquired toxoplasmosis is less dangerous. It can be both acute and chronic. In the acute phase, patients suffering from symptoms of toxoplasmosis, typhoid-like fever, increase of liver and neurological disorders. However, more common is still a chronic form of toxoplasmosis in which acute symptoms do not always appear, and if they appear, you have a very low intensity.
Ways of transmission
To catch toxoplasmosis from an infected person is not possible. Partly this property infections due to the fact that a mandatory analysis for toxoplasmosis is performed only to pregnant women, as they are mentioned above, can transmit the disease to the fetus. Adults 'pick up' pathogens when used improperly cooked meat products, or in contact with cats, which are the main carriers and carriers of Toxoplasma. It should again be noted that the body of the new owner pathogens can easily exist in a few years, not expressing yourself. Worry is only for patients with weakened immune systems, since in their case the protective barriers are not strong enough to counteract the harmful microorganisms.
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
If ordinary people toxoplasmosis - it is only a slight nuisance that toxoplasmosis during pregnancy often it turns into a disaster. Especially dangerous is it that if the expectant mother is infected for the first time it was during the childbearing, as in this case, the woman's blood are no antibodies, forming a strong immunity. The risk of fetal infection increases with an increase in the permeability of the placenta. The most dangerous of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy during the second and third trimesters, when the chance of infection of the fetus is close to 25 and 70 percent respectively. In the first three months of the child's mother transmitted diseases 1% of cases, but almost always ends with the death of the fetus as a baby at this age has no immune system, or any other protective barriers.
If the expectant mother diagnosed with toxoplasmosis, treatment is carried out in a hospital environment, thus reducing the risk of transmission of infection and the development of birth defects. But even with good care and participation of experienced specialists in half the cases to avoid unpleasant consequences can not, so when planning pregnancy expectant mother simply has to pay the maximum attention to your health and to pass a mandatory analysis for toxoplasmosis. It is of great importance and prevention of disease. At the time of childbearing advisable to perform the following doctors' recommendations:
- If you have a cat in the house, it should move in with relatives or friends;
- Women excluded from the diet raw meat, poorly roasted steaks and other such "delicacies";
- all work with the land should only be performed in rubber gloves;
- before the meal should wash their hands;
- it is desirable to give up eating raw vegetables, fruits and herbs, exposing products modicum of heat treatment.
The above events are extremely simple, but they are able to prevent toxoplasmosis, symptoms of which are often detected too late. Remember this and do everything possible to save her child's life, because, except you do it will be simply nobody. Note also that even if the negative result of the first analysis should repeat them every 2-3 months to avoid accidental contamination.
The symptoms of toxoplasmosis
No clinical signs to accurately diagnose toxoplasmosis, does not exist. Most often, patients may experience only limited signs of toxoplasmosis:
- swollen lymph nodes;
- low-grade fever;
- sore throat;
- inflammation of the uvea.
As you can see, the symptoms of toxoplasmosis are no different from dozens of other manifestations of the disease, which explains the objective difficulties in setting the correct diagnosis. Typical symptoms of the disease are observed only when a significant decrease in immunity and severe clinical forms, when the activities of Toxoplasma leads to brain lesions, endocarditis and pneumonia.
Treatment of toxoplasmosis
Provided a strong immune system is no specific treatment for toxoplasmosis is not required. Patients with horeorenitom and other serious injuries of pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine appointed. When CNS lesions recommended glucocorticoids. Congenital toxoplasmosis or asymptomatic forms of infection are treated with folic acid and sulfadiazine. In such cases, the treatment lasts for at least one year, which prevents serious complications in the future.