Submandibular lymphadenitis

Submandibular lymphadenitis - a common inflammatory diseases of the lymph nodes. Such nodes  Submandibular lymphadenitis - an inflammation of the lymph nodes
 represent a congestion peripheral lymphoid tissues. They perform a protective function in the body, becoming a kind of barrier to infection. Localization isolated lymphadenitis cervical, axillary, inguinal, and other submandibular lymph nodes. Submandibular lymphadenitis, lymphadenitis as any at all, can be purulent and purulent, acute and chronic. The most common cause inflammation of streptococci, staphylococci and their toxins that enter the lymph nodes through the blood or lymph from the inflammatory focus. Sometimes lymphadenitis may be caused by specific microorganisms - tubercle bacillus (the causative agent of tuberculosis), Treponema pallidum (the causative agent of syphilis). Lymphadenitis is simple (edema), hyperplastic (node ​​tissue increase in volume) and destructive (broken node itself and the surrounding tissue).

Reasons submandibular lymphadenitis

The reason submandibular lymphadenitis is often infectious process in the oral cavity. This may be tonsillitis, peritonsillar abscess, periodontal disease, gingivitis, abscess, osteomyelitis upper or lower jaw, multiple cavities. In rare cases, if the infection got into the lymph nodes in their injury, submandibular lymphadenitis may be a primary disease.

Symptoms submandibular lymphadenitis

The first manifestation of the acute form of the disease is pain in the affected lymph nodes .  At first, the pain may be only when pressed, and then it becomes a constant, throbbing, shooting, intense, increasing motion .  The pain causes the patient to take a forced situation, prevents sleeping on the affected side, talk, swallow food .  Sometimes the pain does not allow to open your mouth .  At the site of inflammation develops hyperemia (redness) of the skin, there is swelling .  After some time, the skin becomes bluish hue .  At the touch can be determined busy, increased in size, painful lymph node .  The temperature of the skin over the lymph node is higher than over the adjacent areas .  In addition to local symptoms, developing and general .  Increased body temperature (sometimes over 40 degrees) .  There are chills, sweating, weakness, headache, insomnia .  In the chronic form of the disease pain is not so intense, enlarged lymph nodes determined for a long time, the general condition suffers a little .  Diagnosis of the disease is typically not difficult for experts .  Only in severe submandibular lymphadenitis may need differential diagnosis with osteomyelitis, phlegmon .  In chronic submandibular lymphadenitis for diagnosis sometimes need a needle biopsy site .

Treatment of submandibular lymphadenitis

Treatment  Submandibular lymphadenitis - a common inflammatory pathology
   submandibular lymphadenitis holds surgeon or general practitioner .  First held sanitation focus of infection .  Sometimes you need an urgent intervention of a dentist (tooth extraction, opening the jaw abscess) .  Himself submandibular lymphadenitis often treated conservatively .  The patient was prescribed rinsing liquid Burov, lotions, antibiotics, vitamins, physiotherapy (UHF) .  If there purulent fusion of lymph node surgery necessary .  If the process involves a single lymph node, the surgeon holds the skin incision over it introduces a capsule drainage washes surgical wound .  If struck by several nodes, conducted an autopsy of the skin in the submandibular area, drainage is installed in the adipose tissue to provide the outflow of pus .  Required appointed antibiotics .  Preference is given to drugs in injectable form (shots) .  Usually the doctor chooses a modern broad-spectrum antibiotic with the sensitivity to microorganisms .  If you set specific nature (syphilis, tuberculosis) treatment submandibular lymphadenitis held for drugs designed schemes .

Prevention of disease

The primary prevention for submandibular lymphadenitis is the timely treatment of inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity.