General information about the disease
Strongyloidiasis - a chronic disease that is manifested by various pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. The pathogen - E. ugritsa (Strongyloides stercoralis) - was first described by French physician Normandy, who singled it out feces of sick people in 1876. Over the next decades strongyloidosis been studied well enough, however, in recent years, interest in this disease has increased substantially due to the fact that it is often found in people suffering from AIDS.
The source of strongyloidiasis is always a person, or rather its faeces with which the eggs come into the environment. In soil, the larvae hatch, and then transferred to the new media through the skin or by ingestion of contaminated food. And in fact, in both cases the parasites migrate to the stomach and intestines, where new females lay eggs. Typically, the analysis (strongyloidiasis accurately determined from samples of feces) shows the presence of pathogens in lyuberkyunovyh glands of the duodenum, but without treatment strongyloidiasis ugritsa captures new territory and is often found throughout the small intestine and in the pyloric part of the stomach.
Because the parasites are located in different organs and tissues, clinical manifestations of strongyloidiasis are very diverse. However, during the first 2-3 weeks of the disease is hidden and takes place virtually without symptoms. The first warning signs strongyloidosis appear only after the end of the incubation period and held for several years, and remission may be replaced by a sharp aggravation.
The symptoms of strongyloidiasis should include:
- allergic reactions such as skin rashes and blisters pinkish-red color;
- pain in the muscles and joints;
- increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR);
- increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood;
- stomach ache;
- persistent diarrhea;
- yellowness of the skin and sclera (not always evident).
Skin rashes when strongiloidoze kept for 2-3 days, and then disappear, leaving no trace. When the diagnosis of strongyloidiasis, symptoms appear on the skin several times a year, due to the migration of parasites on the circulatory system. In times of acute patients complain of dizziness, sleep disturbances, fatigue. Sometimes these symptoms are added strongyloidosis lung disease caused by the release of larvae in the bronchial lumen.
When the disease becomes chronic, the clinical picture is changing. Depending on your symptoms, doctors identified a number of common forms of strongyloidiasis:
- Douady-zhelchnopuzyrnaya strongyloidosis form - characterized by slow flow, dull aching pain in the right upper quadrant, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite. In studies (X-ray, ultrasound) revealed deformation of the gallbladder;
- Gastrointestinal strongyloidosis - manifested obvious signs of indigestion - constipation long or, conversely, uncontrolled diarrhea. The chair observed admixture of blood and mucus. Language patients is imposed;
- neuro-allergic form strongyloidosis - on the skin appear much itchy rash. They quickly disappear, but to replace the rash comes headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability and weakness;
- Pulmonary - pathogen is localized in the respiratory system and provoke various pulmonary diseases.
Despite the abundance of forms in medical practice, the most common mixed strongyloidiasis, symptoms of which combine basic defeat all the vital systems of the body. The most highly destructive processes occur in people with weakened immune systems.
Strongyloidiasis - treatment of the disease
The main drugs used mintezol (thiabendazole) and albendazole. The course of treatment lasts strongyloidosis few days, after which the patient is taken to be retested strongyloidosis for a possible correction of the healing process. For relief of the strongest signs of illness symptomatic agents are used.
Prevention strongyloidosis aimed at early detection of patients and combating pollution feces. For disinfection of feces used bleach. Soil was purified via pesticide karbationa and various fertilizers (phosphate, nitrogen, potassium). It is also necessary to observe personal hygiene. It is advisable to give up barefoot walking on the ground, without the need to not pollute the ground skin, thoroughly wash the vegetables, fruits and berries. To work on the garden plots is advisable to use gloves and wash hands before eating.