Brief description of the disease
In a literal translation from the Latin word "stroke" means "leap" or "jump". In fact, our ancestors were very precisely determine the nature of this insidious disease because the brain stroke is characterized by the sudden disappearance of, or a material breach of brain functions, usually resulting in the death of a person within 24-48 hours. Note that just a stroke - a one-time event, but it is preceded by a lengthy process of functional changes and irreversible brain damage.
Types of stroke
Depending on how behaves stroke symptoms divided into several types, and form the basic classification of the disease:
- ischemic stroke - 80% of the number of registered cases, associated with acute circulatory disorders of certain parts of the brain;
- haemorrhagic stroke - symptoms of the disease appear at the blood soaking the different parts of the brain or in the intracerebral hematoma;
- subarachnoid hemorrhage - occurs when blood vessels rupture of the dura mater;
- about 5% of cases, the cause of stroke remains unclear.
Early diagnosis of pathological changes in the human brain is essential for early detection and prevention of serious problems of all types of strokes. For this reason, in all the clinics in the world to introduce modern equipment, which allows time to detect the approaching "explosion" and take action before, not after a stroke. One of the most effective and well-proven technologies of diagnosis is computed tomography.
Stroke - symptoms and clinical picture
In most cases, the disease begins suddenly, it is growing rapidly and is often fatal human or irreversible brain damage. The attack may last a few minutes and 1-2 days, but in fact, and in another case, a man's life is in danger due to the rapid death of brain tissue. For a man who suffered a stroke, rehabilitation is an integral part of the treatment, as it allows you to stop the expansion of the lesion and leads to a significant improvement in quality of life. Nevertheless, we must again note that both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke cause irreversible destruction of brain membranes, that is, everyone should know about, on what grounds can define an attack coming on and how to act in case of sudden, abrupt development of the disease.
The symptoms of stroke depend on what part of the brain undergoes changes. Typically, a person feels a slight advance depression of consciousness and depression. Also, patients are not able to manage their emotions, easily excited, and restore peace of mind for a long time. Directly during the attack pronounced the following symptoms:
- haemorrhagic stroke - a sharp "knife-like" pain in the head, loss of consciousness, seizures, drowsiness, lethargy, frequent nausea and vomiting;
- Ischemic stroke - symptoms vague, growing gradually. This form of the disease is characterized by pain in the head, wheezing, skin discoloration, repeated vomiting and loss of consciousness in the late stages. After a stroke often have paralysis and paresis, neck stiffness, meningeal syndrome, dementia.
In principle, at the moment of an attack to determine a stroke is no problem, since limb paralysis, respiratory difficulties, speech disorders and consciousness occur simultaneously, and this significantly simplifies the diagnosis. Another thing, if a patient develops a so-called transient cerebral stroke. In this case, the doctor who came "first" can be seen in front of a completely healthy person and create a false picture of the events, despite the fact that a few minutes before his arrival, the patient could not speak and did not feel his legs. Accordingly, any symptoms of brain damage actions of medical staff should be reduced to one - term hospitalization.
First aid after stroke
The first thing you need to do is suspected stroke, so it is cause "first aid". Relatives of many patients lose time uselessly tossing in the apartment while leaving precious moments, allowing you to save the man's life. Do not repeat common mistakes. When the diagnosis of stroke, patients should only be done by professionals in a specially equipped clinics, and it is extremely important the first hours of the disease when there is a chance to stop in time to death of brain tissue.
Self stroke meaningless and, moreover, is extremely dangerous, but, nevertheless, before the arrival of "first" you can take a number of actions to improve the condition of the patient:
- Place the victim on a high pillow so that the head was raised above the bed about 30 cm;
- Provide fresh air into the room;
- free neck patient unbutton tight collar shirts and get rid of hindering clothing;
- if a person has a stroke occurs, the symptoms of which are expressed in high blood pressure, give the patient a drug that reduces blood pressure;
- vomiting, turn the patient's head to the side to vomit is not inhaled. Thoroughly clean the mouth after each bout of vomiting.
It is, perhaps, all that you can do at home. All other events are run by doctors who have to assign the patient the necessary diagnostic procedures and decide whether surgery. The latter is often used after a stroke caused by stenosis (narrowing) of the carotid artery. If it leads to a restriction of blood flow to the brain, the surgeon performs an incision in the neck, removes the dangerous plaque and sews up the carotid artery. Such operations have long worked, but that they do not become less dangerous, because after the elections can result in serious complications. In addition, many patients surgery is contraindicated because of the associated heart disease and other diseases.
Rehabilitation after stroke
The beneficial effects of spa treatment, significantly reduces the risk of recurrent stroke was seen in the 19th century. The basis of rehabilitation for people with stroke are: sea bathing, mud baths, mineral water and a suitable (best of all - mountain) climate. When this treatment is given only after 4-6 months after a person has suffered a hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, since doctors need to evaluate the consequences of the attack, and to assign procedures depending on the condition of the patient.
If patients have severe complications after a stroke, his rehabilitation is contraindicated. Such complications include: severe motor and speech disorders, mental changes, pelvic organ dysfunction, the inability of man to serve themselves, epilepsy, severe arrhythmias, aortic aneurysm and severe circulatory failure.
When choosing a resort you have to focus on the doctor's advice, taking into account the patient's condition, disorder, autonomic regulation, meteozavisimost and other important factors.
Before the trip, it is desirable to pass a comprehensive examination of the body to the possible health troubles did not spoil you and your family medical vacation in the lap of nature.