Sinusitis is called acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous lining the surface of the paranasal sinuses. Sometimes it happens that, for various reasons, there is damage to special fibers (so-called "cilia"), located in the nasal passages and promote the normal process of the removal of mucus from the sinuses. In turn, the stagnation of mucus creates a favorable environment for bacteria to grow. The disease is acute sinusitis without timely and competent treatment often becomes chronic. Chronic sinusitis recurs periodically and requires quite a serious and long-term treatment.
Causes of sinusitis
The most common causes of sinusitis are viral respiratory infection or, quite simply, colds. Especially common cause, provoking sinusitis in children, it is cold and chill. This occurs due to physiological immaturity of the respiratory system and the child's underdeveloped immune response in a child's body.
Causes of sinusitis can also be connected with an allergic reaction to a variety of external stimuli, such as, for example, as cigarette smoke or seasonal flowering plants. By type of allergic disease also occurs sinusitis caused by fungal disease mucous sinuses.
In addition to the above reasons, there is a special category of people whose lifestyle or occupation, contribute to an increased risk of symptoms of sinusitis. It is, first and foremost, on heavy smokers and in addition, the people who are fond of diving and other, negative impact on the nasal mucosa, occupations.
Types of sinusitis
In addition to the conventional division of sinusitis: acute and chronic, there are several varieties of them, depending on the place of origin of the inflammatory focus. These include:
- Sinusitis (inflammation of the frontal sinuses);
- Sinusitis (inflammation of the maxillary sinuses);
- Etmoidit (inflammation of the mucous membrane cells of the ethmoid bone);
- Pansinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses at the same time);
- Sphenoiditis (inflammation of the sphenoid sinus).
Each of these types of sinusitis has its own characteristics and individual nature of the disease.
Symptoms of sinusitis
In acute onset of the disease symptoms of sinusitis are: shortness of nasal breathing or complete nasal congestion, headache in the frontal and parietal parts. Enough common symptom of acute sinusitis flow is also high fever, general deterioration of health, weakness, a significant decrease in efficiency of the sick person.
When the disease is chronic sinusitis symptoms are not as pronounced as in the acute course of the disease. There very long, difficult to treat runny nose, memory impairment, vision, constant feeling of nasal congestion.
Treatment for sinusitis
When the disease is acute sinusitis treatment is the use of antibacterial drugs, decongestants, immunostimulants, in addition, efficient use of physiotherapy.
If the disease is caused by a fungal infection of the mucous sinuses to treat sinusitis, the doctor prescribes the appropriate antifungal medications in conjunction with antibiotics. When treating children definitely need to consult a doctor before using the medicines.
Treatment of chronic sinusitis is more durable and has to be a whole complex of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. The point is to choose the only correct tactics of treatment of chronic sinusitis forms necessary to clarify the nature of its origin, ie ascertain the infectious agent.