Brief description of the disease
Heart problems - is a hallmark of modern society, which is characterized by: a sedentary lifestyle, passion addictions, promiscuity, and poor diet. Furthermore, it causes heart defects can be thorax injuries, hereditary factors, syphilis, vascular sclerosis and other diseases. If you talk about the most common problems of the cardiovascular system, in the first place, is to provide a rheumatic heart disease, the treatment of which are increasingly needed for young people.
Rheumatic heart is an inflammatory process, which is accompanied by rheumatism. Thus there is a disruption of the connective tissue, the formation of rheumatic nodules, their subsequent scarring and development cardiosclerosis. Note that the inflammation has no clear localization, and in some cases, it captures all of the shell body. However, modern medicine with its effective diagnostic techniques rarely brings to this sad outcome. Typically, the disease can be detected in time when it is concentrated in any one section. If the diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease symptoms indicate muscle damage body, the doctors say about the myocardium. The impact on the internal shell called endocardium. Well, if the inflammatory process affects the outer shell, this defect is called the pericardium.
Rheumatic heart - symptoms and clinical picture
In a study in a specialized clinic patients are identified: extending the boundaries of the heart, blood composition changes, the appearance of noise in the work of the Authority and its muted tones. It is possible symptoms of heart failure. Additionally, rheumatic heart hallmarks are:
- chest pains;
- irregular heart activity;
- general weakness;
- frequent shortness of breath;
- pale skin;
- fatigue even the most minor physical exertion.
Depending on the severity of inflammation, doctors distinguish focal inflammatory and rheumatic heart disease. The first is characterized by mild symptoms of heart failure, and an increase in the size of the body in the absence of adequate treatment. Particular risk valves, as they are most exposed to inflammatory reactions. If you are diagnosed with diffuse rheumatic heart disease symptoms are expressed more strongly and are characterized by large manifestations of heart failure that affects the choice of treatment methods.
Rheumatic heart - the treatment of the disease
The main purpose of medical procedures - to reduce the severity of inflammation, eliminate manifestations of heart failure, and return the cardiovascular system of its normal functionality. If the patient has a keen rheumatic heart, he shows a strict bed rest. For this reason, patients are usually hospitalized in specialized department of the hospital, because the hospital is much easier to track the status of the person and carry out emergency measures in the acute inflammation.
The basis of treatment of rheumatism of the heart is a complex treatment with the mandatory use of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. Patients assigned penicillin, erythromycin, glucocorticosteroids. When running and complex forms of rheumatism of the heart treatment is based on the reception of gamma globulin preparations and antisense drugs. Additionally, throughout the course of anti-inflammatory therapy, the patient takes vitamin supplements, including ascorbic acid.
The optimal dose of glucocorticoids are selected with an eye on the severity of disease and the severity of the changes. As a rule, patients take prednisone in an amount of 15-25 mg / day, with the bulk of the drug is to fall on the morning. If the patient is diagnosed with chronic rheumatic heart disease, the treatment is based on administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are combined with corticosteroids and DMARDs (chloroquine, Plaquenil, benzylpenicillin).
A large role in getting rid of rheumatic heart allocated sanatorium treatment. Fresh air, mineral water, mud, measured, quiet life give a great effect and contribute to the rapid recovery of people, even after the most protracted and difficult treatment, can also come to the aid and multi-zone air-conditioning system.