The development of medicine ousted cause of death from infectious diseases. Thus, in the first place it was the disease, anyway associated with metabolic disorders. The main causes of deaths are pathological changes in the blood coagulation system. Formed clots cause blockage of blood vessels and as a consequence, the development of heart attacks: infarction, kidney, brain (stroke). Beginning of the process is preceded by a violation of food processing, ie, the metabolic syndrome, which has now been declared a pandemic of the XXI century. This is due to a sedentary lifestyle and nutritional errors. The deposition of fat stores in the body leads to disruption of metabolic regulation, which is divided into two components:
- Catabolism - the processes of energy expenditure received by the breakdown of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the polypeptide chain;
- Anabolism - synthesis of new fragments derived carbohydrates, which are converted to proteins and fats going to build body tissues.
An imbalance between these processes leads to a redistribution of power in the direction of the accumulation occurring in the fat depot. So developing metabolic syndrome, whose symptoms manifest vascular disorders in all organs. But primarily affected vessels average diameter: arteries and veins.
The causes and factors of metabolic syndrome
The collection of symptoms that lead to metabolic disorders, has a single cause - insulin resistance. Its development by the following factors:
Genetic analysis of pedigrees reveals a predisposition to the development of insulin resistance in a generation. That is, if the grandmother or grandfather had metabolic syndrome, the grandson or granddaughter at birth are at risk.
People living in conditions close to the extreme, rarely develops obesity. The body adjusts to the energy consumption at the essentials. Virtually no fat reserves deposited. This condition is inherited, but environmental factors make substantial amendments to the pledged genotype. Man falls into the favorable conditions, the energy is not wasted, but is reserved for a "rainy day."
The most common version of the development of insulin resistance is considered to be lack of exercise combined with a diet containing large amounts of carbohydrates. They split easily, and the energy saved is used for the synthesis of adipose tissue, which is an endocrine organ that requires a constant supply of "fuel".
However, in people with a genetic predisposition develops faster metabolic syndrome and its clinical manifestations - harder.
The mechanism of development and symptoms of metabolic syndrome
Insulinorezistenost literally means "insulin resistance." Insulin - a hormone is the main metabolic processes. Circulating blood nutrients without insulin can not penetrate into the cells to generate power. There is a paradoxical situation: a lot of glucose in the blood, but the cells are experiencing an acute shortage of carbohydrates. Insulin resistance while offset by the increased secretion of the hormone by the pancreas. Then, develop a full clinical picture regarding metabolic syndrome, whose symptoms are similar to type II diabetes. Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas are exhausted, and the development of its own insulin stops.
Metabolic syndrome has the following features:
- Central (male) type of obesity diagnostic criteria: waist circumference in men less than 90 cm and 80 cm for women;
- Black acanthosis;
- Hypertension, raising the upper limits of blood pressure to 130 mm Hg. Art. and more;
- Female infertility associated with chronic anovulation.
Complications of metabolic syndrome are similar to those of type II diabetes.
Metabolic syndrome - recommendation
When signs of insulin resistance should first change their lifestyle. Lack of physical activity at work and at home is offset by physical training. It is recommended to start with a daily morning exercises.
Stop smoking and alcohol. Both substances are irritating to the kanabioidnuyu system, which leads to increased appetite and lack of control over the amount of food consumed.
Changing the diet to prevent further development of the metabolic syndrome, the recommendations for the treatment of which is primarily aimed at reducing weight. Weight loss of 10% of the original mass by the same percentage reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Important! Do not force the discharge of body weight. The loss of more than 10% by weight per year resulting in increased load on the cardiovascular and endocrine systems.
Metabolic syndrome - a diet
In addition to doctor's appointments, obesity must be constantly dieting. Returning to the old way of life will cause a relapse, so it is recommended to fundamentally change.
When metabolic syndrome diet provides an exception spices, increase appetite. Restriction Savoury also helps to reduce the amount of food and beverages. Nevertheless, giving up meat is not recommended. It is only necessary to limit their use to once a day.
Important! Metabolic syndrome provide medical advice measurement of blood glucose and, if necessary, reception saharoponizhayuschih preparations.
The restriction or elimination of dietary intake of glucose is reached sweeteners which contain a small amount of calories and does not affect the synthesis of insulin.
For the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract is recommended foods containing vegetable fiber: cabbage, beans, dried fruit.
In order to prevent the development of hypertension is necessary to limit the intake of salt, replacing it with lemon juice.
When developing metabolic syndrome, a diet is not limited to a set of dishes, it is important to adjust the diet: up to 6 times a day with the last meal 3 hours before bedtime. Without significance and the nature of the meal. There should be as slow as possible, slowly. Swift meal does not contribute to the saturation until the wall of the stomach is not crowded stretch. During slow absorption of the products, they begin to be processed more enzymes in the mouth, and the satiety center already receives the signals from the receptors of the gastrointestinal tract.
Prevention of metabolic syndrome
Obesity is worldwide recognized disease, but its development depends on the people themselves. When propensity to be overweight need to monitor the health, dieting and healthy lifestyle.