Cyst of the liver
Cyst of the liver is a cavernous formation of a liquid-filled and comes out of the liver tissue. The disease is diagnosed in 1 - 2% of the people, the men suffer it several times less often than women. The most common liver cyst diagnosed in people of working age (30 - 50 years).
Liver cysts are benign and usually filled with odorless clear liquid. Much less frequently there are cysts of the liver with a dark green gelatinous contents.
Cysts can be localized in different liver lobes and segments, placed in the depths body and on its surface. In its diameter liver cysts reach 25 centimeters. Very rarely seen giant cysts with an even greater size.
Liver cysts: causes and classification
All of liver cysts are divided into two major groups: non-parasitic and parasitic cysts.
Non-parasitic cysts of the liver, in turn, are divided into true and false. False liver cysts arise from traumatic injury of the liver, including after surgery Echinococcus or liver abscess.
True cysts of the liver occur in humans even in utero. The cause of these problems is that some of the bile ducts are not connected to the general system of the biliary tract. These cysts usually does not manifest itself, and is usually detected incidentally on a CT scan or ultrasound of the liver for some other reason.
Parasitic hydatid cysts of the liver and are alveokokkovymi. They arise as a result of human infection with parasites from an infected animal. Parasitic cysts of the liver are a very dangerous disease requires mandatory treatment.
Liver cysts: Symptoms
Liver cysts can occur long enough virtually asymptomatic. But as they grow, patients begin to complain of belching, nausea, aching pain in the right upper quadrant, diarrhea. Typically, the pain increases in moments of physical activity and subsides during rest.
Other non-specific symptoms of liver cysts are:
- Shortness of breath;
- Loss of appetite;
- Severe weakness.
When the liver cyst of great size appears asymmetrical increase in the abdomen, which is especially noticeable on the background of weight loss patient. If the tumor begins to compress the biliary tract, it develops jaundice - another symptom of liver cysts.
Cyst of the liver: Treatment
When small amounts of liver cysts treatment is usually carried out by conservative methods. Patients are encouraged to adhere to the diet. From the diet should be excluded fried, fatty, smoked, spicy and salty foods, as well as a variety of spices and sauces. It is necessary to give up drinking, good coffee and tea, a variety of carbonated beverages. From the menu, you need to include more fresh fruits and vegetables as well as fresh juices. In addition, the diet should include milk and milk products, animal liver, fish.
To remove a cyst of the liver surgically recourse in case of suppuration, bleeding or rupture. In addition, removal of cysts of the liver shown in its Giant amount (more than 10 cm in diameter). In cases where symptoms of liver cysts are pronounced, the doctor may also recommend surgery.
Remove the cysts of the liver can be performed using laparoscopic or traditional open techniques. In recent years, doctors prefer laparoscopy because This method of removing the cysts of the liver is much easier tolerated and gives a significantly lower rate of postoperative complications.
Cyst of the liver: the national treatment
In many cases, conservative treatment of cysts of the liver gives a stable positive effect. In addition to diet, medical treatment doctor may advise the patient and methods of national treatment of liver cysts. Enough effective is the use for treatment of this disease broth shell pine nuts. For its preparation should be taken about half a cup of her shell and pour a liter of cold water. Bring to a boil and simmer on very low heat for half an hour. The resulting broth drink during the day. Shells can be used twice more used to prepare the broth, and then replace them with new ones.
Another method of treating people's liver cysts is to use the juice of celandine. However, if you decide to use this method, be sure to consult with your doctor. Remember that the juice of celandine is very poisonous or improper dosage can cause quite severe poisoning!