Brief description of the disease
Jaundice - a consequence of diseases of the liver and other organs, manifested in the staining of the skin, mucous membranes and sclera yellow color due to sediments in their gall pigment - bilirubin. Under normal conditions this pigment is almost completely discharged to the outside together with the contents of the digestive system, but sick people bilirubin builds up in the body and indicates problems with biliary tracts, liver, and other vital systems. In some cases, jaundice in children and adults manifested as a result of abnormally intense process of disintegration of red blood cells, or after taking certain medications. I want to just note that if a person diagnosed with jaundice, treatment is based on the establishment of the causes and elimination of the underlying disease, not the investigation, to whom is the discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
The causes of jaundice
- benign and malignant tumors in the liver;
- hereditary anomaly of the biliary tract;
- postoperative complications;
- diseases of the liver and gall bladder;
- the activities of some parasitic microbes;
- effects of the individual groups receiving drugs.
No matter for what reason you have any signs of jaundice. The key is that this pathology leads to disruption of all body systems. This applies particularly to the liver and kidneys.
Jaundice - symptoms and clinical picture
In medical practice to devote several types of jaundice. Accordingly, the disease is strongly dependent on the form of the disease, age of the patient and other relevant factors.
Obstructive jaundice - a consequence of disruption of bile flow and problems with the absorption of bilirubin. Its causes are gallstones, tumors of the bile ducts, gallbladder mechanical damage. The skin in this form becomes not yellowish, a greenish hue, a patient pronounced itching, feces usually discolored.
Neonatal jaundice - triggered by an enzyme deficiency and manifests itself in the first days of life. Divided into two types. The first is characterized by a sharp increase of bilirubin in the blood, staining the skin, sclera and mucous in the bright yellow color, as well as individual warning signs of central nervous system. Neonatal jaundice type II is expressed in light yellowing of the skin and responds well to treatment.
Hepatic (true) jaundice - shown as influenced by genetic factors, and post-infectious or toxic liver damage. In particular, signs of jaundice occur when toxemia, acute infectious diseases, intoxication. Itching is weak, the skin and mucous painted in saffron-yellow, sometimes reddish color. The urine of the patient acquires a dark color, discolored feces. In severe forms of the disease develop liver failure.
Hemolytic jaundice - a consequence of the enhanced hemolysis of red blood cells, which in turn leads to an intense release of bilirubin. If the patient is diagnosed with hemolytic jaundice symptoms are all signs of snake venom poisoning, sulfonamides, arsenical hydrogen and other substances that affect the red blood cell hemolysis. Exacerbation of the disease occur in the supercooling of the organism and new intoxication. Children often manifested hemolytic neonatal jaundice, which develops due to Rh-conflict pregnancy.
Jaundice - treatment of the disease
The correct method of dealing with jaundice is based on the early detection of the causes of the disease. To do this, the patient is assigned to a complete blood count and liver biopsy. Now more detail about the basic techniques of treatment.
Phototherapy - successfully used in jaundice in newborns. The procedure is to place the child under a fluorescent lamp. As a rule, enough 1-2 days of therapy, during which the liver has time to mature in order to independently process bilirubin. Phototherapy is ineffective when biliary atresia passes. In this case, the surgical intervention.
Treatment of jaundice medical methods is based on the reception gepaprotektorov, which include Silibor, Syrepar, silibinin and some other drugs. At the same time they are assigned to the patient antispasmodics - remidon, papaverine, no-silos, Dibazolum.
If a patient has obstructive jaundice is observed, treatment is impossible without surgery because medical therapy does not lead to the desired effect. Type of transaction depends on the cause, the result of improper flow of bile.
As you can see, the methods of treatment of jaundice is actually quite a lot, so do not self-medicate and when the first symptoms of the disease contact your local clinic specialists, who will appoint the necessary tests and choose the most appropriate treatment.