Brief description of the disease
Helminthiasis infection called helminths - worms, parasites in humans and animals.
The most common human helminthiasis: enterobiasis, which affects the intestines, skin, nervous system; trichinosis, causing fever, muscle pain, allergic reactions; trichuriasis characterized by disturbances in the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, changing the composition of blood, ascariasis, accompanied by dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, allergies.
Worms can be fixed in the lungs, bile ducts, intestines, gallbladder, applied to internal organs, mechanical damage, poison the body decay products and exchange.
Helminth infections occur in acute and chronic phases. In the acute phase of the disease occurs mainly toxic damage of the body and arising out of his allergies, and in chronic helminthiasis affects the internal organs, which are localized parasites.
Helminthiasis is also a dangerous man because of the fact that suppress the immune system, adversely affecting the ability to work within aggravate existing diseases, reduce the effectiveness of vaccination.
The causes of the disease
A person infected with helminths primarily through food and water. Unwashed products, failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene, dirty water - the main causes of infection.
Some parasites, such as Ancylostoma and schistosomes enter the body through the skin. In rare cases, helminthiasis infection occurs by ingestion of eggs from parasite air and dust.
Symptoms of worms
In an infected person, such symptoms are observed because of helminths: rash, fever, swelling of the face, inflammation of the eye membranes, upper respiratory tract infection, swollen lymph nodes.
These symptoms cause helminths when the disease is in an acute stage - during a week or several months. If treatment is not carried out helminthiasis, infection enters the chronic phase. Allergic reactions can be preserved, and other symptoms due helminths develops depending on their number, size, location. There may be pain in the abdomen, joints, tissues, digestive disorders, migraines, anemia, vitamin deficiency, nervous disorders.
Diagnosing helminthiasis is the analysis of feces, which are as much as part of the worms and their larvae and eggs. Analysis on helminthiasis preferably repeated several times since One study is not always significant.
Blood test is also used for the diagnosis of helminthiasis. If helminthiasis infection occurred recently in the blood will be increased eosinophils.
A typical indicator for diagnosing helminthiasis blood test is the presence of immunoglobulin G antibodies to a particular type of worms.
Treatment of helminthiasis
Treatment of helminthiasis conducted drugs that kill adult worms that affect their larvae and eggs: Medamin, pyrantel, Levamisole, Worm, thiabendazole, praziquantel, and others. Assignment is carried out based on the type and extent of helminthiasis infection.
Good result gives a comprehensive treatment of helminthiasis in which in addition to anthelmintic drugs include cholagogue, hepatoprotective, sedatives.
Due to the fact that many drugs for the treatment of helminthiasis toxic, at the end of therapy except for control analysis for the presence of worms, it is necessary to conduct a survey of the intestinal microflora of the digestive tract, liver, and if necessary undergo rehabilitation.
Prevention of disease
For the prevention of helminthiasis is not recommended to drink water from unknown sources, there unwashed fruits and vegetables.
It is necessary to maintain cleanliness in the home, personal hygiene, regular degelmentizatsiyu pets.