Heartburn - a burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux. So called phenomenon in which part of the stomach contents into the esophagus. His mucous membranes have a neutral level of PH, and the acidic gastric juice causes the walls of the esophagus burns of varying degrees.
The literal translation from English "heartburn» («heartburn») indicates a burning heart. In fact, irritation of the esophagus has nothing to do with heart disease. Except in cases where the symptoms of heart attack and other heart disease is mistaken for an attack of heartburn.
The main symptoms of heartburn
Recurrent bouts of heartburn are not harmless. Especially in light of the fact that the highest intensity of heartburn symptoms usually observed at night sleep time. Therefore, a person is experiencing virtually no discomfort. In the morning on the last attack may indicate a sour-bitter taste in the mouth.
The main symptom is daytime heartburn - a burning sensation or pain behind the breastbone. In severe forms of Guthrie-esophageal disease may cough or breathlessness, hoarseness, chronic sore throat when swallowing, susceptibility to respiratory infections.
The duration of an attack of heartburn - 2 hours or longer. Most often throw acidic stomach contents into the esophagus occurs in 20-30 minutes after eating, or when bending in a prone position.
Causes of heartburn
Physiological causes heartburn, ie hit mechanism of gastric juice into the cavity of the esophagus can be easily explained.
In the stomach, food mass and secretory liquid body held by means of the lower esophageal sphincter. It bypasses the food in the stomach and prevents reverse flow of fluid into the esophagus. The cause of heartburn becomes this sphincter is not closed or delayed opening.
Easy form of heartburn is not dangerous. From time to time it suffers every 10th inhabitant of the planet, and about 50% of all pregnant women. In the latter case, the cause of heartburn is forced open esophageal sphincter fruit of large size. That is why heartburn - the bane of most women in the second half of pregnancy.
Obesity - is another possible cause of heartburn, also called forced opening of the lower esophageal sphincter. For food, weakening the tone of the sphincter and, consequently, provoking bouts of heartburn include:
- mint tea.
In people predisposed to gastroesophageal reflux disease, the cause of heartburn may make excessive consumption of animal and vegetable fats.
One possible reason for heartburn - stress causes increased secretion of gastric juice, as well as smoking, time which irritate the esophagus.
Chronic Heartburn - a symptom of the serious problems of the gastrointestinal tract:
- gastric ulcer and / or duodenal ulcer,
- biliary dyskinesia,
- Cancer of the esophagus, stomach or pancreas.
Early treatment of heartburn is extremely important for the prevention of narrowing of the esophagus and the development of its functional impairment. In cases where gastroesophageal reflux - is just one of the symptoms of a more serious illness, doctors involved in the treatment of heartburn narrow specialties: gastroenterology, oncology, toxicology.
The main role in the conservative treatment of heartburn plays dietetics. All patients for the prevention of gastroesophageal reflux and alleviate discomfort in time attack is recommended split meals (5-6 times a day in small portions).
It is also recommended to limit the consumption of foods that irritate the mucous membrane of the esophagus and at least an hour after eating to stay upright.
For medications for heartburn include medications, anti-foaming agents, reduce bloating: Espumizan, Milikon, Gerbion etc. Treatment of heartburn by so-called antiflatulent used usually in children.
In adults, the standard treatment for heartburn is the use of antacid drugs - Antacids and enveloping means heartburn and adsorbents: Maalox, Gastal, Almagel, etc.
In children, the systematic treatment of heartburn by means of this type can lead to rickets.
Part of the conservative treatment of heartburn are also antiemetic drugs and remedies for heartburn, stimulates the bowels: Reglan, metoclopramide, Domstal, Gastrosil.
In the surgical treatment of heartburn method is used Nissen fundoplication. It is forced wrapping the upper part of the stomach around the esophagus to form a cuff retaining gastric juice in body cavities.
Surgical treatment is highly effective for heartburn. However, it requires a long preoperative examination and rarely used for heartburn in children.
Folk remedies for heartburn
One of the most effective folk remedies for heartburn is Kalinovoye jam. To cook the berries harvested in late autumn, freed from the seeds and cook as usual jam. To prepare this remedy for heartburn at 1kg viburnum berries taken 1, 5-2 kg of sugar and 4-5 glasses of water. There is a jam in the treatment of heartburn need a tablespoon several times a day.
Another effective folk remedy for heartburn - fresh potato juice. It is used not only in the treatment of heartburn, but in the treatment of gastritis or gastric ulcer. To make this remedy for heartburn you need to stir in a cup of potato juice one tablespoon of honey. The mixture is recommended to drink half a cup a day, preferably before bedtime and in the morning before breakfast.
Among the folk remedies for heartburn also called celery. Fresh or dried roots of this plant are used for the preparation of infusions. Recipe for a folk remedy for heartburn is as follows: 2 teaspoons crushed roots should pour a glass of boiling water and infuse 30 minutes. Drink infusion to 3 times a day for half an hour before meals.
Due to the fact that burning sensation behind the sternum may be a symptom of severe gastrointestinal disease, all the folk remedies for heartburn should be used only after consulting a doctor.