Glossitis stomatitis is a special case and is manifested in the form of inflammatory language infections caused by bacteria or viruses. Currently there are several forms of glossitis. All of them are progressing quickly and if left untreated, lead to the formation of mushroom-shaped growths on the surface of the tongue - papillomas.

The causes of glossitis

 Desquamative glossitis

Glossitis can be triggered by a variety of viral infections, including herpes relatively harmless. In addition, risk factors include mechanical trauma tongue and mouth, burning, smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol active, hot spices, hot food. Very often it glossit cause cavities and other common diseases of the teeth. Also, there were cases when the inflammatory process begins after poisoning by salts of heavy metals or the use of poor-quality toothpaste, mouth rinses and balsams-fresheners mouth. Whereas the main cause of the disease, the treatment of glossitis almost always based on the elimination of the main causes of infection, which minimizes the likelihood of other common diseases of the oral cavity.

Glossitis - symptoms

  • excessive salivation;
  • discomfort in the mouth, feeling the presence of foreign objects;
  • burning sensation in the tongue;
  • increasing the size of the language and change its color - from the normal pink to bright red or burgundy;
  • difficulty in chewing and swallowing food;
  • loss of taste;
  • disorders of speech function.

Types glossitis

Desquamative glossitis - symptoms indicate the development of individual destruction lingual epithelium, which are expressed in the appearance of bright red spots on the sides and back of the body. As the disease progresses to the surface of the tongue there are multiple cracks and grooves. Patients experience pain, constant burning sensation. In most cases, desquamative glossitis affects pregnant women, people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, those with metabolic disorders and weakened immune systems.

Diamond (median) glossit - occurs against a background of reduced gastric acidity, which is due to chronic diseases of the digestive system. On the surface of the tongue epithelium thickening appear bright red or bluish in color. Diamond glossit dangerous because it often becomes chronic and a recurrent nature. Depending on the intensity of the inflammatory process, treatments may require surgery or application radiosurgical methods.

Villous glossit - manifested in actinic and expansion whisker tongue papillae, which are similar to the hairs. Inflammation is triggered by local irritants, and certain drugs that cause candidiasis, followed by the growth of the fungal infection.

"Pleated" glossit - often a congenital anomaly. On the surface of the tongue formed folds. They usually do not cause any discomfort to the patient, so the treatment is performed solely for aesthetic purposes, because some of the folds is quite deep and visible to the naked eye.

Treatment glossitis

If any doubt about the presence of glossitis should contact a dentist to conduct a comprehensive examination of the oral cavity. The main task of the physician is to determine the cause of the inflammation, eliminate possible difficulties in breathing and swallowing food, to eliminate escalating infection in the chronic form. If left untreated glossitis - symptoms will progress, which may lead to tumor formation and language serious respiratory complications.

In the first place, it is required to get rid of the infectious agent. For that physicians use antiinflammatories, drugs to local correction of the immune system and antibiotics. In addition, during treatment glossitis apply special steroids (prednisone, hydrocortisone), which facilitate breathing, provide painless food ingestion and relieve symptoms of acute inflammation. To remove warts recommended antifungal drugs.

Prevention glossitis

High-tech diagnostics, full comprehensive treatment, competent selection of products - it's all good, however, glossitis is easier to prevent than to treat, so we want to list a few simple rules that will minimize the risk of inflammation.

  • Be sure to observe the hygiene of teeth and oral cavity;
  • morning and evening, brush your teeth with toothpaste that which your dentist will recommend; Use high-quality teeth whitening Crest Whitestrips;
  • Avoid injury to the teeth, gums and mucous membranes;
  • regularly inspect an experienced dentist;
  • do not abuse alcohol and nicotine;
  • give up too spicy dishes.