Galactorrhea - the process of allocating one go two breast colostrum, milk or liquid lactescent.
During pregnancy and breastfeeding galactorrhea is a natural state. If a woman has galactorrhea syndrome is pregnant or going on for six months or more after weaning, it is a disease. The syndrome is characterized by a galaktorei the milk or colostrum as a result of touching the breasts or stimulation. It happens that the liquid is released for no apparent reason. The amount of allocated secret may be abundant or not.
It happens that there is galactorrhea in men, but in women, this pathology occurs much more frequently.
The main causes of galactorrhea
Control lactation in the body by the interaction of certain hormone production which occurs in the pituitary and hypothalamus. Due to violations of the processes of generation and is the development of this pathology. The most common causes of galactorrhea include:
- presence of a tumor in the anterior pituitary gland (prolactinoma, somatotropinoma);
- violation of regulatory influences on the hypothalamic-pituitary;
- disruption of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism);
- violation of the optimal ratio between the level of hormones in the body;
- Pregnancy and breast-feeding;
- hepatic or renal failure;
- adrenal pathology (estrogen-producing tumors gipokortitsizm);
- too frequent check for the presence of breast tumor (every day or several times a day);
- use of certain medications, hormonal imbalances developing;
- pathology of the ovaries (polycystic etc.);
- pathological reflex activation (manual or sucking stimulation of mammary glands);
- the use of drugs (opiates, marijuana);
- wearing uncomfortable and too tight clothes;
- Phytotherapy means influencing the hormones of the body (fennel, anise, nettle).
If the exact cause of galactorrhea can not be established, it is called idiopathic.
The main symptom is galaktorei menstrual cycle. Thus there is a complete absence of menstruation, or their presence is very scarce and irregular. Galactorrhea syndrome can occur without disturbances of menstruation. In this case, the patient does not feel any change in the body.
Violation of the menstrual cycle is usually accompanied by, any of the following symptoms of galactorrhea: heaviness and swelling of the mammary glands, headache, a dull ache in my chest. Perhaps the increased growth of hair on the chest, blurred vision. One of the symptoms of galactorrhea is acne. Perhaps decreased libido. Because of abundant secretions may develop eczema and skin maceration.
Color selections at galaktoree important. So, milky white discharge indicating the presence of lactose and casein, said that from his chest isolated by conventional breast milk. However, if the color is brown or greenish discharge and composition is not similar to breast milk, it may be indicative of endocrinopathies. Russet spotting signal the presence of cancer in the breast.
Treatment of galactorrhea should be directed to the elimination of its causes. Since the causes can be very different, it is often for the diagnosis of the disease requires many studies.
Begin with a general diagnosis of the patient's examination and questioning. This information can help determine the cause of galactorrhea.
If you suspect a pituitary tumor the patient is sent for consultation to the optometrist and prescribe a CT scan or take a picture with the help of magnetic resonance imaging. Also, to determine the cause of galactorrhea is necessary to investigate the level of hormones in the blood, especially prolactin.
Full examination includes ultrasound of the liver, ovaries, kidney, breast and primary zones of lymph nodes. If you can not find the cause, you can assign additional types of research.
Primarily in treating galactorrhea necessary to eliminate the root cause of the pathology. It is, in fact, will help to reduce or even completely eliminate the symptoms of the disease. If the cause of galactorrhea can not figure out, then prescribed drugs that reduce blood levels of the hormone prolactin. Usually idiopathic galaktoree mild drugs not prescribed and recommended for women to dress chest bandage.
If the cause is a tumor, do not immediately panic. Typically, these tumors are rarely malignant and usually respond well to treatment. Depending on the individual case can be assigned to medical or surgical treatment.
It happens that the treatment of galactorrhea, and is not required, as it is prone to self-healing. Just over a certain period of time to avoid stimulation of the breast.