Brief description of the disease
Fibroma - a tumor which includes connective fibrous tissue. Usually fibroma - a benign solid, dense spherical education or oval.
Growing tumor slowly, but can reach a very large size and is produced mainly in the subcutaneous tissue, the skin and mucous membranes.
Causes of fibroids
Fibroids can be caused by genetic mutations, injuries as a hereditary disease, because of the increased amount of progesterone, estrogen, or the use of drugs that promote tissue growth.
Symptoms of fibroids
Tumors formed in different parts of the human body, and therefore they have different symptoms.
The most common and frequently used in the medical practice - uterine fibroids, breast cancer, dermatofibroma, plantar fibroma.
Uterine fibroids occurs in most cases painless, which is a serious obstacle to its timely detection. Independently determine the appearance of the build-up on the walls of the uterus is not possible, therefore, for many women, the first symptom and a cause to be examined is the occurrence of uterine bleeding, prolonged menstrual periods, pain during intercourse, in the buttocks, back, waist. It may also have a feeling of pressure on the bladder (micturition quickens) and in the pelvic area.
Fibroma of the skin - a tumor mass in the subcutaneous tissue and dermis. Education is usually flesh-colored, soft and sometimes hard, sometimes mounted on a stem.
Breast fibroma - a spherical seal on the breast that does not cause pain on palpation, but it may be the cause of a sense of fullness in the chest during the premenstrual period.
The plantar painful swelling and pain manifest when walking or prolonged standing.
Diagnosis of fibroids
Diagnosing fibroid extends differently.
To determine uterine fibroids and breast examination by a gynecologist is necessary, mammalogy, ultrasound examination.
To diagnose fibroids skin and other types of outdoor tumor enough to pass a visual inspection by a doctor.
Additionally, after the removal of fibroids conducted histological or cytological examination of tumor fragment to exclude its malignancy and confirm the initial diagnosis.
Treatment of fibroids
Treatment of uterine fibroids is performed mainly by four methods:
- Surgery in which the removal is carried out, or uterine fibroids;
- Myomectomy gisteroskopichesskaya. Such a removal of fibroids held only 20% of cases. Hysteroscope into the uterine cavity are special tools that remove the tumor;
- Embolization. With the help of a substance that is injected into an artery, fibroma is separated from the blood supply, nourishment and becomes reduced.
- Medication. Patients with tumors that did not reach large sizes, prescribed medications (nesteroidy, hormones, birth control pills) to facilitate their resorption.
Treatment of fibroids, which arose on the skin, is carried out by removal - radio wave, laser and surgical removal.
Also, if a fibroma of the skin of small size, it can be removed using procedures diathermocoagulation or by cauterization of the coal acid snow.
If fibroids skin on the leg, it can be cut with scissors or a tie thread (the national treatment).
Other types of fibroids treated mainly its removal: laser, classic surgical method, a radio wave method.
Prevention fibroids - a healthy lifestyle, with the exception of increased trauma, the use of hormonal medications (including contraceptives) only under medical supervision.
So how to prevent the impact of hereditary factors and genetic mutations is practically impossible to avoid complications should not neglect routine gynecological examinations, inspections of mammalogy and general practitioners when a suspicious skin formations.