Dysthymia is a mental disorder with the presence of a sad mood, pessimistic view of
privacy and skepticism to everything positive in society. This condition is less severe than depressive disorder, but is a close and the preceding.
Causes and symptoms of dysthymia
The symptoms of dysthymia are mild and occur in the form of the blues, depression, irritability, restlessness, loss of strength and fatigue, sadness, gloomy thoughts, pessimistic attitudes and complexes.
Gradually this mental disorder leads to lower self-esteem, the meaninglessness of life, reluctance to communicate with other people and be in the company of anyone. A person becomes withdrawn, moody and lonely, lose social ties and the desire to do anything.
Dysthymia often occurs in people with central nervous system disorders, depressive disorders, and hereditary predisposition serotonin in the brain. Cause of the disease may be physiological disease, stress and hormonal disorders.
Physical symptoms of dysthymia are malaise, shortness of breath, loss of coordination, confusion, tearfulness, drowsiness, lethargy and apathy, unmotivated and spontaneous anxiety, constipation, insomnia, nightmares, digestive disorders.
In people who are prone to depressed, without emotional and psychological support dysthymia develops resistant depression.
Dysthymia somatic type is shown in the form of complaints to the overall poor condition of the nervous system, tachycardia and arrhythmia, anxiety attacks.
The disease severely affects the physical condition of patients, reducing their activity, causing impotence and asthenic condition.
Dysthymia characterological type expressed in persistent pessimism, depressive outlook and complex constant failures. This type of the disease seen in people silent, closed, sensitive to troubles and weaknesses in relation to the difficulties of life.
Medical studies have found that dysthymia may be not only a disease of people with a melancholy temperament, but also disorders associated with external factors, childhood trauma and genetic predisposition to depression.
Diagnosis of the disease
determination of dysthymia is necessary to conduct regular clinical examinations several times over two years. In order to establish an accurate diagnosis is necessary to analyze the symptoms and carry out a statistical study of mental disorders based on the following criteria:
- decreased or increased appetite;
- insomnia and other sleep disorders;
- tiredness and fatigue;
- pessimism, low self-esteem;
- low efficiency;
- isolation and detachment from the social environment.
Psychologist and neuroscientist in close consultation with the patient and identify the presence of psychotic disorders, signs of mania or hypomania, mixed psychological states.
Treatment of dysthymia
Treatment of dysthymia should start with the establishment of the causes and symptoms of the disease, as well as to determine the physical condition of the patient. In the course of drug treatment include antidepressants (Prozac, tsipramil etc.) and monoamine oxidase.
The most effective treatment of dysthymia is accompanied by family and interpersonal psychological therapy. Also, cognitive therapy will improve the self-esteem and improve overall patient's emotional state.
Individual therapy can be alternated with group lessons psychological, interpersonal communication can improve patients consolidate their position in the social environment and enhance personal significance.