Dysbacteriosis called a violation of the normal composition of beneficial microflora.
It is known that normally inhabit the intestine of an adult enormous amount of bacteria - about two kilograms, more than 400 species. The composition of bacteria is different, it depends on many factors, among which are the overriding power and living conditions of man, it is no exaggeration to say that the bacterial flora of the intestine of each person is unique. Intestinal bacteria normally are saprophytes, ie the useful life partners, serve an important function: they help to absorb the substance is not digested in the upper gastrointestinal tract, without the body loses the most important elements of proper metabolism, are produced by components of vitamins, enzymes, and immune defense factors.
The balance of microflora is very important, as each group of microorganisms ensures your site useful activity. They say it is about balance, since it is impossible to imagine the exact number of microorganisms required of a species, even for one person, since the composition of the bacteria varies depending on the type of food, season, health, and many other reasons.
Gut microflora imbalance called intestinal dysbiosis.
In addition to intestinal dysbiosis, is dysbiosis and dysbiosis vagina mouth, as both the vagina and mouth also have their own, inherent microflora. Its role in the body is slightly less than the role of the intestinal microflora, but the health it is no less important. The most striking example dysbacteriosis vagina or the mouth is thrush, or candida - a disease which is caused by excessive proliferation of fungi genus Candida, which normally suppresses bacterial flora component.
Dysbacteriosis very often accompanied by other dysbacteriosis as pathogenic factors tend to affect the body as a whole.
Causes of dysbiosis
The cause of dysbiosis is the death of one or more components of the normal intestinal flora. The most common causes of dysbiosis include:
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (cholecystitis, gastritis, enterocolitis, hepatitis, pancreatitis, etc.);
- Food and non-food poisoning;
- Antibiotic therapy - one of the most common causes of dysbiosis. Unreasonable, unjustified use of antibiotics, antibiotics have led to self incredible growth of cases of dysbiosis. If antibiotics are prescribed by the doctor, he always takes into account the overgrowth, and will take treatment measures to avoid it;
- Long-term use of hormonal methods;
- Unbalanced diet, ie a diet that can not provide the necessary vital functions of the health of groups of bacteria.
Intestinal dysbiosis may masquerade as a variety of diseases, since he himself is often the result of diseases, as well as to provoke their emergence and development.
The main symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis are signs of dyspepsia, especially disorders of the chair. As a rule, there is a tendency to diarrhea or constipation, or alternating diarrhea with constipation. These phenomena are accompanied by flatulence, which is resistant, permanent, regardless of the meal.
One of the main symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis is a persistent decline in immunity, resulting in susceptibility to infectious diseases. Also, general condition worsens, there is chronic fatigue, fatigue, weakness, loss of concentration and attention. With increasing dysbiosis may be signs of anemia.
Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis - itching, swelling, frothy liquid, pain and burning during and after intercourse.
Dysbacteriosis oral manifests itself in the emergence of Zayed corners of the mouth, stomatitis.
The primary analysis of dysbacteriosis - a bacterial investigation intestinal contents, vaginal, oral cavity.
Analyses on intestinal dysbiosis is a bacterial examination of feces. Kal sown on special nutrient media, then evaluated qualitative and quantitative ratio of bacteria colonies.
The analysis on a dysbacteriosis vagina - vaginal swab, followed by bacterial testing, analysis on a dysbacteriosis of the mouth - a scraping from a mucous membrane, also bakposeve.
However, this study did not quite informative, especially in the case of intestinal dysbiosis, since it allows to estimate only the end parts of the composition of the microflora of the colon. Therefore, take into account the history of the diagnosis, the symptoms of dysbiosis, general health and other features.
Treatment of dysbiosis
Treatment of dysbiosis is usually difficult and long. The first step is to remove the cause of dysbiosis, and cure the diseases that led to it (if it there).
Secondly, it is extremely important to proper nutrition, and not only in the case of treatment of bowel dysbacteriosis, but also for all other dysbacteriosis. Power must be complete and balanced, be sure to include prebiotics -
substances as required to supply beneficial microflora. Prebiotics are dairy products, as well as foods rich in complex carbohydrates and fiber - vegetables, cereals, baked wholemeal. Under the ban food promotes putrid processes in the gut: the heavy red meat, fried, fatty, smoked food. Also prohibited confectionery and sugar (simple carbohydrates).
Drug treatment of dysbiosis is the appointment of probiotics. Probiotics - freeze-dried (dried in a special way) colonies of beneficial bacteria. The diet should be a long-term, if not lifelong, and probiotics are also assigned a long course. It is understood that without changing the usual diet, one avail medical treatment of dysbiosis, it will only lead to short-term improvement.
Dysbacteriosis children phenomenon not less frequent than in adults bacteria overgrowth. A child is born sterile, not counting the bacteria that he "picks" passing the birth canal of the mother. From the first hours of the birth of his digestive tract begins to be populated with bacteria. Breastfeeding provides your baby all the necessary for this: and by the bacteria, and products that will ensure their growth. One task is to establish an artificial feeding power so as to avoid a dysbacteriosis in children not receiving breast milk.
Dysbacteriosis infants manifests itself in violation of the chair: the chair becomes uneven, contains undigested milk flakes, takes green and uncharacteristic odor. Kid gets moody, irritable, disturbed sleep, tummy swells by gases.
Because kids in the flora is dominated by bifidobacteria, for correction of dysbiosis in children used drugs bifido intended pediatrician.