Inflammation of the skin is called dermatitis. The skin condition is directly related to the state of the immune and endocrine systems of the body, and it is very sensitive to the changes occurring in it, so Dermatitis can be an independent disease, and perhaps cutaneous manifestations of general pathology.
Types of dermatitis
There are the following types of dermatitis:
- Contact (simple) dermatitis - skin inflammation, which arose in response to a direct contact with the irritant. As the stimulus can be any substance in the presence of individual sensitivity to it. There are also a number of substances that cause dermatitis in all, without exception, are called obligate stimuli. To obligate stimuli are caustic alkalis, acids, some plants (nettle, milkweed, etc..), The impact of high and low temperature, skin trauma, etc .;
- Toksidermii - cutaneous manifestations of toxic and allergic reactions of the body in response to the flow of the allergen into. A typical example is a drug reaction rash .;
- Atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis). Neuro-dermatitis allergic form, prone to chronic relapsing course;
- Seborrheic dermatitis. Most often manifested dermatitis on the face, in the area wings of the nose, forehead on the border of hair growth on the back surface of the ears, the eyebrows. Caused by the yeast has a chronic course;
- Other types of dermatitis. These include acne rosacea, acne, acne, eczema, etc. Typically these forms are treated as separate diseases.
By the nature of current dermatitis may be acute or chronic. Acute dermatitis characterized by sudden onset, rapid course with vivid manifestations, they usually respond well to treatment. If an unfavorable outcome severe dermatitis may become chronic. Chronic dermatitis characterized by a long course of relapsing, often with a pronounced seasonality. They are difficult to therapy.
As the prevalence of dermatitis may be local (local) or diffuse (general). Simple (contact) dermatitis is usually limited to local manifestations occurring in the area of direct impact of the stimulus. Toxic-allergic and neuro-allergic forms peculiar to the nature of the spilled.
Symptoms of dermatitis
Symptoms of dermatitis varies considerably depending on the form of the disease, but to all forms of major symptom is the appearance of the skin of various inflammatory elements: rash, papules, pustules, erythema, exfoliating flakes, etc. It is often accompanied by the appearance of these elements pruritus, sometimes quite painful. Less pain occurs. Characteristic symptoms include dermatitis and violation of sensitivity on the damaged areas. The sensitivity can be increased, or vice versa, reduced up to complete absence. Dermatitis most often on the face tends to be a seasonal stream - worsening in the cold season and in the summer of remission.
Toxic forms of dermatitis can be accompanied by a general deterioration of health: an increase in temperature, the appearance of muscle-joint and headache, prostration. However, most symptoms of dermatitis are limited to local, cutaneous manifestations.
Quite often dermatitis in children, due to the imperfection of the age of the immune system, and in connection with these allergic. One of the most common forms of dermatitis in children is exudative diathesis, having an allergic nature. Despite the fact that this common pathology, dermatitis in children occur quite rapidly, they rarely have the protracted, and usually recover well after the removal of a damaging factor.
Diagnosis of dermatitis
Diagnosis of dermatitis usually presents no difficulty, and diagnostic measures are necessary to identify the forms of the disease, as the treatment of various types of dermatitis may be radically different in its approach.
The diagnosis includes:
- Scrapings from the affected surface of the skin, followed by laboratory examination (histology, bacteriological examination);
- Immunological examination in order to identify the allergen and the overall assessment of the state of the immune system;
- Biopsy if necessary;
- The developed analyzes of blood and urine;
Treatment dermatitis depends on its shape, and is always selected individually.
Starting treatment dermatitis is necessary to determine the cause. It is necessary to identify the stimulus (allergen, toxic substances, microbial pathogen) and eliminate it. If the stimulus is not defined, as it often happens in allergic and especially neuro-allergic dermatitis, the treatment is only symptomatic, that is, aimed at alleviating symptoms and to maintain remission.
Conservative treatment of dermatitis, consists of local and systemic therapies. Acute dermatitis and dermatitis in children usually treated only with the use of local resources, and chronic forms require a combination of general and local therapy.
Local treatment consists in treating dermatitis of affected areas. Skin rashes processed antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs in the form boltushek, powders, ointments, solutions, - depending on the shape of the element and the inflammatory stage. Facial Dermatitis (seborrheic) is treated with antifungal ointments. Chronic dermatitis treated with a corticosteroid anti-inflammatory agents, acute treated with aniline dyes. Deep ulcerative lesions treated in a hospital.
When long-term therapy with hormonal drugs, it is important to the quality of their production, so doctors usually recommend flutsinar produced in Europe. Flutsinar produced in Poland, standards GMP- international system of rules and guidelines for the production of medicines. Tools produced by the standards of GMP - a guarantee of quality. Assign adults and children from 2 years. In the pre-grated antiseptic skin, apply a small amount of the drug as required by 2 to 4 times a day and rub lightly. The duration of treatment depends on the nature of the disease and usually is 5-10 days.
General treatment of dermatitis is receiving immunomodulatory, antihistamines, sedatives, depending on the cause of the disease. It is also necessary to eliminate all sources of chronic infection, such as broken teeth caries process, chronic sinusitis, tonsillitis and so on.
People's treatment of dermatitis
People's treatment of dermatitis involves the use of local henchmen, home remedies, and when used correctly can be extremely effective.
For national treatment of dermatitis are widely used medicinal plants in the form of infusions, decoctions, powders, ointments. Use plants with a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect: pharmacy chamomile, succession, celandine, oak bark, sage, mother and stepmother, St. John's wort.
Some forms of skin lesions was successfully treated with drugs propolis and bee wax and honey.
There is positive feedback about the treatment of dermatitis using urine therapy. In fact, in the treatment of dermatitis Urinotherapy used from time immemorial, and fresh urine, due to its antibacterial properties, it is considered a means of first aid for acute and sometimes chronic forms of dermatitis, especially in the absence of other means.
When national treatment of dermatitis should be considered that some of the medicinal plants and bee products can themselves cause allergies in sensitive individuals, and the use of such tools can enhance the symptoms of dermatitis.