Why is cytomegalovirus is considered one of the most insidious diseases of our time?
In order to answer this question, you need to have at least a general idea of what is cytomegalovirus. Intrigue cytomegalovirus is that, penetrating into the body, infectious agents remain there forever, and the vast majority of infected disease is in a latent form. Accordingly, in the diagnosis of "cytomegalovirus" treatment often begins too late, which in turn leads to the development of inflammatory processes.
Activation cytomegalovirus occurs due to the strong and sustained lowering of immunity induced by, for example, pregnancy, with AIDS or regular intake of drugs which affect the body's defense system.
Ways of infection
Cytomegalovirus was opened in 1956. At the moment, it is found in 10-15% of adolescents and 40% of adults. This explains the widespread tendency of the pathogen to the lifelong persistence (Conservation) inside the human body. At normal immunity tsitomegavirusa pathogens are not dangerous, but it's worth a protective barrier weaken as cytomegalovirus in children and adults immediately makes itself felt. The good news is that the infection could hardly spread from person to person. As a rule, direct infection takes a long, close contact with sick people.
The most common route of infection tsitomegavirusom:
- air drop - the pathogens enter the body with the saliva by kissing;
- sexual - with sperm or mucus of the cervical canal;
- transtsplatsentarny - cytomegalovirus is transmitted to the fetus in utero;
- possible infection of the newborn during breastfeeds;
- infection can "bring" during a blood transfusion or transplantation of donor organs.
Symptoms of cytomegalovirus
Cytomegalovirus Symptoms appear within 20 - 60 days. Usually, cytomegalovirus begins acutely and manifests itself by the following features:
- symptoms of intoxication;
- vegetative-vascular disorders;
- general weakness;
- excessive salivation;
- the development of inflammatory processes in the urinary organs.
If untreated, cytomegalovirus often spills over into generalized form in which there are multiple lesions of various organs and systems
. In patients with cytomegalovirus observed: inflammation of the liver tissue and spleen, pneumonia, bronchitis, vascular lesions of the brain and eyes, increased submandibular glands, skin rash, joint inflammation
. The most dangerous cytomegalovirus in children and pregnant women
. On the development of cytomegalovirus in the child's body will be discussed below
. As for pregnant women, in their case, the infection is a serious threat to the fetus
. Cytomegalovirus is one of the most common causes of miscarriage of the child and the development of serious illnesses in a child, in particular, lesions of the central nervous system
. If cytomegalovirus diagnosis, treatment was initiated too late, that 20-30% of cases the fetus dies before the onset of normal deliveries
Cytomegalovirus in children
As mentioned above, the sick mother can infect the baby during gestation and after birth, passing pathogens together with breast milk
. At an early stage of pregnancy child usually dies
. In such situations, does not help even the timely conduct of analysis on a cytomegalovirus, as the immune system of the fetus is not yet formed, but the pathogens themselves poorly to antibiotic therapy
. In the later stages of the children survive, but in any case, cytomegalovirus affect their full development
. Correct diagnosis difficult, and what if the baby develops cytomegalovirus, symptoms may be entirely absent
. As a result, the symptoms of CMV are detected only when the pathogens have irreversible effects on vital systems and organs
. However, with normal immunity hidden form is the lesser of two evils, as the latent carrier is widespread among the population, does not cause any discomfort to the patient and does not harm the health of
Treatment of cytomegalovirus
It should be immediately clear that cytomegalovirus infection is incurable. All currently existing medications can control the number of pathogens in the blood, but can not eliminate them completely. To normalize the condition of the patient, doctors use the whole range of products that enhance the immune system and the means from the group of interferons, which inhibit the activity of the virus.