Cervical erosion defect called surface epithelium of the mucous membrane of the cervix, which violates its integrity and thereby reduces the protective properties of the mucosa. Cervical erosion is among the most common gynecological diseases, can occur in women of any age, but most often between the ages of 30-40 years.
There are erosion of the cervix and cervical ectopia, the so-called psevodoeroziyu. Ectopia is common in younger women, to 25 years, is similar in appearance to the erosion of the cervix, but the surface layer of cells is not broken, but only modified. Unlike genuine cervical erosion, ectopia is not a disease, but only one of, and treatment is usually not required.
The causes of cervical erosion
The main cause of cervical erosion is an inflammatory process of infectious origin. Desquamation (shedding increased) surface epithelium of the cervix can cause microorganisms belonging to the urogenital infections (UGI) - ureaplasma, mycoplasma, trichomonas, chlamydia, genital herpes virus, etc.
In some cases, the cause of cervical erosion may be a violation of the endocrine system, especially the functions of the glands responsible for the production of sex hormones.
A necessary condition for the appearance of cervical erosion is a decrease of the local, and in some cases, and general immunity. Such a marked decrease in immunity when a woman has an unhealthy lifestyle, especially pernicious influence is frequent and indiscriminate change of sexual partners. Thus, the wrong way of life is another, though a very common cause of cervical erosion.
Symptoms of cervical erosion
Very often, the symptoms of cervical erosion are absent, or are not so pronounced that a woman may not notice them for a long time. The most common symptom of cervical erosion is the appearance of cables - abnormal vaginal discharge, but their number is not too much, and may not attract attention. Since the destruction of the surface epithelial layer intact and lying surface vessels microcircular bed, it is often the first symptom of cervical erosion, which attracts attention is the bloody vaginal discharge that occur after sexual intercourse. This is a result of mechanical microtrauma vessels destroyed by erosion.
In some cases, the symptoms of cervical erosion may not be available, then the disease is found during a routine inspection, or going to the doctor for another reason.
Diagnosis of cervical erosion
The cervix is available for direct physical examination, so the diagnosis of cervical erosion can be delivered after the regular gynecological examinations using vaginal mirrors. A more thorough examination is carried out by colposcopy - inspection of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope, which provides a more detailed picture due to the possibility of increasing the field of view. To clarify the diagnosis of cervical erosion carried coloring lesions Lugol solution (iodine solution in glycerol). This healthy tissue staining solution, and eroded surface - no.
At the time of diagnosis of cervical erosion will certainly take scrapings from erosion spots for biopsy - cytology, to determine the nature of the cells contained in the erosion. This is necessary for differential diagnosis of cervical erosion with precancerous lesions of the cervix and cancer.
Treatment of cervical erosion
Treatment of cervical erosion can be medical and surgical. Surgical treatment of cervical erosion, used in the present time, is the impact on the affected area with the help of laser, radio wave surgery or cryoablation. It is painless and bloodless methods of treatment of cervical erosion, which give excellent results and have virtually no complications. Lasers and Surgery radiowave have the additional advantage that their impact has a stimulating effect on tissue regeneration.
Previously used as treatment of cervical erosion method diathermocoagulation currently not used because of soreness and that leads to the formation of scar tissue, which subsequently prevents cervical dilatation during labor. The method of chemical degradation erosion currently not used because of insufficient accuracy of exposure and risk of damage to healthy tissue.
Drug treatment of cervical erosion is the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, aimed at eliminating the urogenital infections, tonic and immunostimulating agents. Upon detection of endocrine pathology spend it korrrektsiyu synthetic hormones, analogues of female sex hormones. For this purpose, use contraceptive hormones last generation, lacking most of the side effects. Good results show physiotherapy treatment of cervical erosion. By means of physical therapy (magnetic therapy, UFO, UHF. UHF, laser therapy, etc.) may provide a significant anti-inflammatory and stimulates the healing effects of erosion on the damaged tissue.
Treatment of cervical erosion folk remedies
In the treatment of cervical erosion folk remedies can be used widely and to provide an effective therapeutic effect. As a rule, people's means the erosion of the cervix act locally. For baths and douches used decoctions and infusions of herbs that have anti-inflammatory effects. It plants such as sweet flag, chamomile, sage, striped, oak bark, St. John's wort, a mother and stepmother, plantain. In the healing phase to effectively use oils containing carotene. The oils are used as a spray for vaginal swabs. To this end, for the treatment of cervical erosion using pumpkin seed oil, sea buckthorn, wild rose.
When cervical erosion folk remedies can be used as a fortifying soft drugs. That action the tincture of Echinacea purpurea, ginseng, golden mustache, propolis. For the general strengthening of the body also successfully used honey and other bee products in the absence of an allergy to them.