Brief description of the disease
Nowadays people suffer from a variety of defects of the cardiovascular system. Some of them can be characterized by just two or three words, and others - require a long and detailed story. Cardiopsychoneurosis falls into one of these diseases. To describe it in a few sentences will not work, because in this case, any description will suffer from inaccuracy and lack of completeness. This is due to the fact that the diagnosis of disease symptoms cardiopsychoneurosis contain features of many other diseases.
In fact - this is the sum of all adverse changes in nature, a vivid example of common disorders of the body. To verify the validity of these words is enough to get acquainted with the views of the patients themselves. Most of them claim that the neurocirculatory dystonia hurts everything. That is, even if the person feels a strong pain in the heart, but not the feelings of other adverse changes, it does not mean that he is developing cardiopsychoneurosis. A key feature of the disease - the variety of manifestations. However, we'll talk about them a little lower, but for now let us consider what cardiopsychoneurosis and who it is ill.
In general, under the neurocirculatory dystonia mean variant of vegetative-vascular dysfunction. The most common pathology affects young people who eventually manifested various disorders of the cardiovascular system. The fact that cardiopsychoneurosis often diagnosed in young people is due to the fact that the younger generation there is mismatch of physical development and the slow emergence of the neuroendocrine system. As for the causes of disease, these include: intoxication, acute and chronic infections, fatigue, lack of sleep regularly, improper diet, physical overload, frequent change of sexual partners and the stresses. In addition, some patients neurocirculatory dystonia manifested under the influence of a bad heredity.
Cardiopsychoneurosis - symptoms and clinical picture
As mentioned above, the clinical manifestations of the disease are extremely diverse, so we mention only the main symptoms:
- nevrozopodbnoe state;
- weakness, fatigue;
- irritability, sleep disorders;
- shortness of breath with little physical exertion;
- pain in the heart.
Now it is accepted to allocate three types of dystonia neurocirculatory: cardiac, hypertensive and hypotensive. Cardiopsychoneurosis of cardiac type does not lead to significant changes in blood pressure, but causes heart palpitations, shortness of breath, irregular heart activity. Also, patients have: a clear tendency to tachycardia, inappropriate changes in heart rhythm, supraventricular arrhythmias and other abnormalities in the activity of the heart. ECG these changes manifest themselves in the form of reduced voltage or high T-wave.
In contrast to the cardiac form cardiopsychoneurosis hypotensive type associated with symptoms of heart failure: lower systolic blood pressure, reduced cardiac index and symptomatic activity. Patients complain of fatigue, headaches, muscle weakness, orthostatic disorders, chilly feet and hands. In most cases, cardiopsychoneurosis hypotensive type seen in people asthenic physique. At the same time they have pale skin, the hands are cold, there is a decrease in blood pressure.
Cardiopsychoneurosis of hypertensive type is characterized by transient increases in blood pressure. Almost all patients is not associated with changes being detected and therefore rather late, during routine medical examinations. In addition to improving blood pressure, cardiopsychoneurosis of hypertensive type manifests itself palpitations, fatigue, headaches. In general, the symptoms of this form coincides with signs of hypertension, so an accurate diagnosis requires careful examination of patients with the use of modern medical equipment.
Cardiopsychoneurosis - treatment of disease
In recent years, the advantage received non-drug treatments neurocirculatory dystonia. Among them we would like to emphasize the following activities:
- normalization of life;
- Regular tempering procedures;
- physical education classes and individual sports (athletics, swimming);
- good nutrition;
- avoiding harmful habits.
In addition, widely used: balneotherapy, physiotherapy, spa treatment. If the diagnosis cardiopsychoneurosis symptoms manifest themselves too hard and cause constant irritability or sleep disorders, patients are recommended sedatives - valokardin, preparations of valerian, nozepam and several other tranquilizers. Cardiopsychoneurosis hypotensive type needs to be corrected with exercise, exercise leg muscles and abdominals.
After assessing the condition of the patient, the doctor also may prescribe medications containing alkaloids or caffeine and Phethanolum to prevent orthostatic disorders. When neurocirculatory dystonia of hypertensive type appropriate to take beta-adronoblokatory and drugs Rauwolfia.