Brief description of the disease
A carbuncle is an acute purulent inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles, characterized by tissue necrosis of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, as well as the formation of the total infiltration. Usually, a person has a single emerald, but there are cases where there were multiple foci of inflammation. Causes of the disease are similar to the reasons for the appearance of boils. Primarily, this is:
- exhaustion, lack of vitamins;
- metabolic disorders (obesity, diabetes);
- serious illness, to undermine the immune system;
- high activity of viruses (Staphylococcus aureus or streptococcal infection).
In most cases of bacteremia appears on the back of the neck, in the area of the blades on the lower back and buttocks. Much rarer disease affects the limbs and the front part of the chest. The clinical picture of the disease, again similar to boils. Initially, there is a small size surface infiltration. Foci of inflammation is growing rapidly, has tearing pain, which are enhanced by palpation. The skin lesion at the site changes its natural color on a dark purple hue.
Some time after the occurrence of the formation breaks the surface layer of the skin. There are several holes through which stand thick purulent masses greenish-gray color. A few days later, after a carbuncle forms a large defect of the skin. This process is accompanied by merging outlets rejection of necrotic tissue and pus streaming.
Carbuncle - symptoms
The main warning signs of the appearance of a carbuncle, include:
- increase in body temperature up to 40 0C;
- nausea, vomiting;
- Strong headache;
- loss of appetite;
In some cases, patients begin to wander, or lose consciousness. If there is a carbuncle on the face, the adverse symptoms are particularly bright and subside only after the rejection of necrotic tissue begins.
Carbuncle - treatment of the disease
Since the process of infiltration and tissue necrosis of the skin accompanied by lots of complications and general deterioration, - the patient is in urgent need of hospitalization in surgical department.
In the early stages of the disease, doctors use antibiotics - antibiotic solutions that are introduced around the perimeter of the source of inflammation, and ingestion of sulfa drugs prolonged action. If conditions permit, the patient received a blood transfusion. Also carbuncle act via UHF and imposing dry antiseptic dressings or with streptomitsiiovoy sintomitsinovoy emulsion.
The patient was prescribed bed rest, give liquid food, painkillers and heart funds administered lacto-vegetarian diet. If you see a facial carbuncle, treatment is accompanied by a ban on talking as mimicry leads to a rapid increase in the intensity of the inflammatory process.
In that case, if conservative measures have not led to the desired result and intoxication continues to grow - the patient operative treatment carbuncle. The operation takes just a few minutes. If doctors did everything right and took into account the individual characteristics of the patient (the presence of diabetes, for example), the treatment prognosis is usually favorable. Otherwise, carbuncle being treated properly, resulting in a poor outcome, in particular, to serious cosmetic defects.