any healthy person ingests daily average of 3 liters of air while eating. In addition to the formation of gas causes certain vital activity of bacteria in the gut. If for any reason the amount of gas in the gastrointestinal tract is increased, there is such a phenomenon as flatulence, bloating ie.
Signs and causes bloating
Swallowing air in excess of the norm happens unconsciously, often in moments of excitement. Surplus gas felt like fullness and body partially displayed at the spit. Thus, only a part of it falls further into the stomach.
Another part of the excess gas is disposed of in the stomach by suction through its walls into the blood and further output through the lungs. The remaining air enters the intestines, partially processed by bacteria, and then outputted through the anus.
Normally, intestinal gas should definitely excreted from the body (an average of 10 daily flatulentsy). The feeling of bloating, gas sometimes cry discomfort, pain, belching and flatulence. Bloating after meals can be often seen in infants.
On examination, patients noted an increase in flatulence and tension of the abdomen, and palpation - flatulence. To determine the cause of abdominal distention, conducted a comprehensive survey, including:
- ultrasound or X-rays (preferably using a contrast agent) of the abdominal cavity;
- biochemical blood pancreatic enzymes;
- fecal enzymes and bacteria overgrowth;
- rectal examination (colonoscopy);
- sometimes - computed tomography.
Modern approach to the treatment of bloating
If the cause of flatulence is swallowing excess air during meals, it is recommended not to eat large portions, at a leisurely pace and relaxed atmosphere. You should also give up the chewing gum and foods which include soda. From the diet should exclude products which are difficult to form or digested in the intestine gases (carbonated beverages, large amounts of carbohydrates, legumes, etc.).
Some drugs, for example, from the group consisting of antacids, may also lead to bloating. Help alleviate the condition drugs such as simethicone, Reglan, etc., and if the disease is associated with enzyme deficiency - Festalum, pancreatin mezim.
belching putrid smell may indicate the presence of cancer of the stomach or duodenum; bloating occurs when obstruction or bowel cancer.
To treat or not to treat: abdominal bloating during pregnancy
Sometimes there bloating during pregnancy. This is due to the fact that the enzyme system of a pregnant woman running under high load, as the food is digested somewhat worse. With the growth of the fetus enlarged uterus compresses the intestine and reduces its motor function. Increased levels of the hormone progesterone relaxes smooth muscles, including the intestine. Because of this, there may be constipation and bloating.
This symptom may hinder the development of the fetus, the uterus result in tone and induce a miscarriage. Expectant mother should carefully consider their menu, along with a doctor and, if necessary, correct it. In some cases, a doctor may be appointed the necessary treatment; one of the most popular drugs for elimination of bloating during pregnancy is Espumizan.