Unfortunately, the symptoms of the disease such as atrophic vaginitis, familiar to many women of advanced age. Its development is caused by coming in women after menopause estrogen deficiency (female sex hormones).
Atrophic vaginitis is observed in almost 75% of women in menopause.
Reasons for the development of atrophic vaginitis
Estrogens improve blood circulation of the vagina, it supports an acidic environment necessary for life Doderlyayna sticks - beneficial bacteria suppress reproduction of pathogenic organisms.
During menopause estrogen production in women is significantly reduced. As a result, the vaginal epithelium thins vaginal folds are smoothed, and the lumen of the vagina decreases. These atrophic changes create the conditions for the exacerbation of chronic vaginitis.
The main symptoms of atrophic vaginitis
Very rarely atrophic vaginitis runs completely asymptomatic. But most of the women complain of dryness in the vagina and itching of varying severity. Inside genital often a burning and vaginal wall omitted. Women often have frequent urge to urinate.
In atrophic vaginitis is an increase in blood capillary fragility vaginal mucosa. Therefore, during the pelvic exam, or sexual contact is often a bleeding. In severe cases bleeding from the vagina there is enough time.
In the area of the pubis and labia majora marked hair loss, up to complete baldness in the area.
Diagnosis of atrophic vaginitis
If you suspect that atrophic vaginitis gynecological examination conducted in the mirrors of the vagina and cervix. Be sure to smear taken from the cervix for cervical cytology, eliminating a possible cancer. Vaginal swab taken for bacteriological analysis.
Before you assign the treatment of atrophic vaginitis, a gynecologist must perform a colposcopy study, allowing detail and explore all the details of the vaginal wall and cervix.
Atrophic vaginitis: Treatment
atrophic vaginitis is primarily aimed at filling the lack of estrogen in a woman's body. To do this, appointed hormone replacement therapy, the program is selected gynecologist-endocrinologist. Typically, women are prescribed estrogen drugs in tablets. Hormone replacement therapy of atrophic vaginitis can not only relieve women from the discomfort, but also prevents them from developing serious diseases such as osteoporosis.
In some cases, treatment of atrophic vaginitis is topically applied suppositories or ointments containing synthetic estrogen analogues. This achieves rapid elimination of symptoms, while hormones do not exert their systemic action on the woman's body.
In the treatment of atrophic vaginitis never used antibiotics, as in the development of the disease infectious components has no decisive role.
In addition to hormone therapy in the treatment of atrophic vaginitis are widely used methods of physical therapy. It is also used multivitamin preparations used as a fortifying agent.