Cirrhosis of the liver
Cirrhosis is a result of chronic liver disease and loss of organ function. Diseased liver dense, reduced or increased in size, rough and bumpy.
Ascites (fluid retention in the abdomen) is the most frequent complication caused by cirrhosis, and is associated with poor quality of life and increased risk of infections. Other potentially life-threatening complications are human confusion, hepatic coma and bleeding caused by esophageal varices.
Cirrhosis is an irreversible process, its treatment is usually directed at the prevention of complications caused by it. The later stages of cirrhosis require a liver transplant.
Cirrhosis of the liver is one of the six diseases in the world, due to which the patients died at the age of 35-60 years.
Symptoms of liver cirrhosis
The initial stage of the disease (class A) is not accompanied by symptoms, as have not there are complications. This is the perfect time to eliminate the cause of the disease, as the liver is the body able to regenerate its cells - it allows you to keep a healthy liver tissue and lead a normal and healthy life.
The main signs and symptoms of cirrhosis include:
- Increased volume in the stomach;
- Changes in consciousness and behavior;
- Bleeding gums;
Also, symptoms of cirrhosis include:
- Weight loss;
- Decreased appetite;
- Kal light-colored or discolored;
- Dark urine;
- Language crimson;
- Stomach ache;
- Swelling of lower legs;
- Vascular telangiectasia;
- Frequent bacterial infections;
- Palmar erythema;
- Decreased libido;
- A dull or aching pain in the liver;
- Gynecomastia in men.
Progression of the disease is very slow, so it can be released during the next stages of cirrhosis of the liver:
- Phase compensation - no symptoms of liver function due to power;
- Stage subcompensation - the first signs of the disease, which are expressed in weight loss, loss of appetite, weakness and discomfort in the right upper quadrant, because the liver is no longer able to operate at full capacity;
- Decompensated - jaundice syndrome, portal hypertension and hepatic coma, which pose a threat to human life.
Diagnosis and treatment of liver cirrhosis
Diagnosis of cirrhosis of the liver is performed by a gastroenterologist or hepatologist, who, after a thorough examination of the patient is carried out biochemical blood tests, ultrasound of the liver and abdominal organs, blood tests for markers of viral hepatitis, gastroscopy, computed tomography, radioisotope study and, if necessary, and liver biopsy.
After the diagnosis and confirmation of the diagnosis of cirrhosis of the liver stage of treatment begins. Complete cure the disease can not be, it can only slow down and delay the development of complications. Treatment of cirrhosis of the liver is to carry out therapeutic measures such as:
- Receiving diuretics;
- Appointment diet (no admission fried and fatty foods, salt and alcoholic beverages);
- Glucocorticoid hormones (autoimmune disorders);
- Conducting antiviral therapy (in viral hepatitis);
- Admission hepatoprotectors.
If the treatment of cirrhosis of the disease process escalates, and there are complications, need urgent hospitalization. Also in the treatment of liver cirrhosis may require surgical treatment such as:
- Shunt surgery to create new ways for blood;
- Paracentesis - puncture the abdominal wall;
- Liver transplantation.