The thyroid gland cyst

Thyroid cyst - a hollow unit with liquid contents.  Thyroid cyst - nodal education with a cavity filled with liquid

According to statistics, the thyroid gland cyst occurs in approximately 3-5% of the world population. But in recent years there has been rapid growth in patients with this pathology. Women are more prone to cysts. Mostly all cysts are benign and malignant form reborn extremely rare. But this does not mean that treatment of thyroid gland cysts are not required. Appropriate therapy should be administered immediately after detection. It often happens that the cyst disappears as suddenly as it appears, and sometimes it is complicated for inflammation or pus.

Normally, the thyroid gland cyst is a result of another disease that disrupts the outflow of fluid from the follicle colloid cancer. Therefore, many doctors are not inclined to attribute it to an independent disease, but a complication of an existing condition.

The formation of thyroid cysts

The thyroid gland consists of a follicle, which form psevdodolki surrounded by mesh of capillaries. Inside the hollow follicles lined by thyroid cells and fluid-filled. The liquid is made up of proteins that contain protogormony. If the outflow of the broken liquid, it gradually begins to accumulate in the follicles which results in an increase in size and formation of cysts.

Often cysts arise from the follicle degeneration or hyperplasia, or as a result of microbleeds (shock or trauma).

Causes of thyroid cysts

The most common causes of thyroid cysts are the following factors:

  • hereditary factor;
  • thyroiditis;
  • injury or impact of thyroid cancer;
  • a lack of iodine in the body;
  • acquired or congenital abnormality of the thyroid gland;
  • hormonal imbalance of the body;
  • environmental factor, ie, effects on the thyroid negative and toxic substances.

The symptoms of thyroid cysts

For a long period of time the thyroid gland cyst does not manifest itself. Often patients know they have a cyst by chance, passing the planned medical examination. It happens that a viewing thyroid patient directs the other physician specialty. Smooth, dense nodules can be felt easily under the skin.

Independently, patients go to the doctor often already in an advanced stage of the disease when a visually noticeable deformation of the neck or the node itself. As a rule, the size of the cyst at this stage already exceed 3 centimeters, so the treatment of thyroid cysts should be started immediately.

The main symptoms of thyroid cysts are hoarseness or even loss of voice, difficulty breathing, persistent neck pain, disorders of swallowing and breathing, astringency and a sense of "lump" in his throat.

Complications of thyroid cysts

Often the cyst is accompanied by dangerous complications. Chief among them are the inflammation of the cyst or abscess it. At the same time the symptoms of thyroid cysts are as follows:

  • high body temperature up to 40 degrees;
  • signs of intoxication;
  • increasing the neighboring lymph nodes;
  • severe pain in the area of ​​the cyst.

If the cyst is large, then it puts pressure on the adjacent blood vessels and organs. In a malignant tumor cyst degenerates rarely, but, nevertheless, it happens.  Ultrasound - a method of diagnosis of thyroid cysts

Diagnosis of thyroid cysts

To clarify the diagnosis is necessary to instrumental diagnostics, which includes:

  • ultrasound of the thyroid gland;
  • puncture of the thyroid gland (required for morphological and macroscopic study of fluid);
  • tomography (done mainly at large cysts);
  • scintigraphy (to determine the hormonal activity of the cyst).

If necessary, the patient may be given other types of research.

Treatment of thyroid cysts

All seals in the neck area of ​​considerable size are putting pressure on the blood vessels, often start to fester and become inflamed, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms and pain. It is also possible cyst degeneration into a malignant tumor. Therefore, treatment of the disease is necessary.

Treatment of thyroid cysts can be conservative or surgical. If the cyst does not increase in size or increases very slowly, mostly prescribed drug therapy with hormone therapy and absorbable. Sometimes, depending on the cause of the thyroid gland cyst, endocrinologist appoints iodine.

If necessary, the introduction of drugs directly into the cyst. In some cases, this technique is quite effective and helps the cyst to disappear, but the effect is mostly only temporary and can not be excluded in the future relapse.

If the cyst has significant dimensions, it used its operative treatment (strumectomy). Usually, the cyst is removed together with the share of the cancer. This operation is performed under general anesthesia and requires hospitalization. If puncture on malignant cells were detected, the operation is the only treatment to avoid increased tumor development and metastasis.

The thyroid gland cyst: folk remedies

If the cyst of the thyroid gland is small, it can be quite effective following folk remedies to treat it:

  • Laboratory flaxseed oil. It is necessary to drink 1 tablespoon twice a day before meals. In the course of treatment must be 1 liter of oil. At the same time it is recommended to make compresses on the neck of the linseed oil.
  • Saline compresses. At 0, 5 liters of water dissolve 1 tablespoon of salt. Wet a towel in the solution and wrap their neck, and on top dry towel wrap. Compress hold two hours. The course of treatment - 1 month.
  • Amber beads. Wear them to constantly, and every six months to change. Beads should be close-fitting neck.
  • Compresses of honey and sugar beet. It is necessary to take one part of honey and three parts of finely grated beets, cabbage leaf to put on and attached to the neck. Keep all night.
  • It is necessary to make a necklace of garlic cloves and put it on the night.

You should know that no matter what you choose a method of treatment of the thyroid gland cyst: people, drugs or surgical intervention, none of them will not be sufficiently effective, until you find and eliminate the cause of the cyst.


Preventing the formation of cysts in the thyroid gland is the daily use of iodine and vitamins. It will not hurt to protect the neck from direct sunlight and exposure to regularly physiotherapy.