Foreign body in the eye
Foreign body sensation in the eye is familiar to almost every person. It occurs when it enters the eyes a little speck of dust, small insects, etc. Foreign body in the eye - this is one of the main causes of damage of its structures (conjunctiva, sclera, cornea). It may be placed surface or penetrate the eyeball. Any wound inflicted on the eye foreign body, is potentially dangerous for visual function.
The symptoms of a foreign body in the eye:
- Burning sensation in the affected eye, his soreness and redness;
- Increased lacrimation;
- Perhaps blurred vision;
- Increased sensitivity to bright light.
Even after removal of the foreign body from the eye, these symptoms persist for some time - as long as they do not take place due to irritation.
Most often, getting a foreign body in the eye occurs in workers in certain occupations (masons, loggers, etc.). Therefore, for them to protect the organ of vision is recommended during wear protective eyewear.
During strong winds, dust storms and there is a high risk of getting a foreign body in the eye. It is best to wait out bad weather at home. If it for some reason is impossible, it should also use protective glasses.
Often, foreign body sensation in the eye occurs in people who use contact lenses. If you do not respect the rules of wearing them (sterility, carefully remove, etc.) appear minor injuries to the surface structures of the eyeball, which appear foreign body sensation in the eye.
Diagnosis of a foreign body in the eye
The presence of a foreign body in the eye does not usually cause difficulty in diagnosis. In most cases, the doctor makes a diagnosis based on the typical complaints of the patient data and ophthalmologic examination. If necessary, your doctor may gently pull the lower eyelid or unscrew the top to make sure there are no foreign bodies under them.
In penetrating wounds of the eyeball, when a foreign body penetrates, examination of patients is complicated and includes:
- Testing visual acuity;
- A study of the eye with an ophthalmoscope;
- Examination using a slit lamp;
- ultrasound diagnostics.
Treatment of patients begins with the removal of a foreign body from the eye. For pain in the affected eye instilled anesthetic drops eg 0, 25% tetracaine. Then make an immediate removal of the foreign body, using a sterile cotton swab soaked in sterile distilled water. In cases where the foreign body is very small in its diameter and its routine inspection can not detect, produce burrowing into the damaged eye eye drops containing a special dye - fluorescein. Thanks to him, the foreign body becomes visible, and the doctor can easily remove it.
For minor damage to the cornea after removal of foreign body from the eye to the patient prescribe eye ointment with antibiotics. It must be used within 2 - 3 days.
With significant damage to the cornea after removal of foreign body from the eye to the patient appoint instill drops dilates the pupil (1% solution of atropine sulfate). Besides several times a day to be eye drops with antibiotics. To protect the damaged eyes from irritating action of light on a bandage. Treatment was continued for 3 - 5 days.
With deep foreign body in the eye to remove the patient may need surgery.