Vaginitis - an inflammation of the vagina. The disease can be infectious etiology, ie arise due to contact with the vaginal mucosa of pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi drozhzhevidnyh.
More rare vaginitis noninfectious origin, triggered by allergies or burns. Such reactions may cause chemicals means for intimate use.
Often, because of the consonance of the names confused with vaginitis vaginosis - vaginal bacterial dysbiosis. This is another form of vaginitis infectious nature.
Symptoms of vaginitis
Vaginitis manifests specific vaginal discharge. A small amount of secretion is colorless and odorless and is the norm for clinical symptoms of vaginitis does not apply. But if separation was the abundant, acquired an unpleasant smell and began to cause irritation to the skin - a phenomenon may be one of the symptoms of vaginitis.
Another important symptom of vaginitis - itching in the vagina. It can cause discomfort during sexual intercourse. As a rule, itching worse after urinating.
Types of vaginitis
The most widely used five main types of vaginitis infectious origin. Their classification is based on the type of pathogen:
- fungal vaginitis, or candidiasis,
- bacterial vaginosis,
- Viral vaginitis,
- Chlamydia vaginitis,
- trihomonozny vaginitis.
Symptoms of vaginitis Each of these types are quite similar. Therefore, to ascertain the cause of the disease is possible only after the analysis of vaginal seeding.
Depending on the clinical course of the disease to distinguish between chronic and acute vaginitis. In acute vaginitis seen the most intense manifestation of the symptoms. Itching can be very strong, have abundant purulent discharge or curd character. In acute vaginitis are also possible difficulties with urination, severe pain in the abdomen.
Symptoms of vaginitis, chronic form of more long-lasting, but less pronounced. In chronic vaginitis itching may be absent, isolation is not abundant. However, each lowered immunity caused by disease, stress, pregnancy, chronic vaginitis escalates.
Over time, women with chronic vaginitis ulceration formed on the vagina. They can cause discomfort during sex and orgasm problems.
Diagnosis of vaginitis
The diagnosis of "vaginitis" is set based on the content analysis of the vaginal smear. For this study the pH and microscopic, cultural and immunological composition. By the number of white blood cells is determined by the degree of inflammatory response.
For the analysis was valid, a woman should not before the visit to the gynecologist to have sex, or douche to wash.
Treatment of vaginitis
Treatment of vaginitis infection or infectious origin is always directed at correcting the vaginal ecosystem. To remove pathogens and beneficial bacteria settling vagina apply anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, vitamin preparations and eubiotics.
The local treatment of vaginitis are often used derivatives of metronidazole and Nitromidazola. They have a positive effect on the flora of the vagina and stimulate the production of interferon. Local treatment of vaginitis is done by vaginal suppositories. The drugs are used once a day at bedtime.
The treatment of vaginitis is not carried out during menstruation, and only under strict medical supervision and very limited during pregnancy and lactation. Especially dangerous is the use of candles on the basis of metronidazole and Nitromidazola in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Prevention of vaginitis
Development of vaginitis can prevent the rejection of wearing synthetic underwear and tight pants. Women with chronic vaginitis avoid exacerbation of the disease are encouraged to eat more dairy products with live bacteria, and apply special means for intimate hygiene with lactic acid.
To prevent the development of acute vaginitis caused by Trichomonas sexually or chlamydia, it is important to always use a barrier method of contraception.