Meniere's disease - a disorder of the inner ear, which causes an increase in the amount of fluid in the ear cavity. Disease
named after the French physician Prosper Ménière, who published in 1861 an article which first reported that vertigo can cause inner ear cavity disorders.
Meniere's disease is characterized by sudden dizziness, feeling of pressure, tinnitus and hearing loss. Hearing loss is temporary and occurs alternately in one or the other ear.
Meniere's disease may be the result of diseases such as:
- Cogan's syndrome;
- Autoimmune disease of the inner ear;
- Dysautonomia family;
- Perilymph fistula;
- Multiple sclerosis;
- Acoustic neuroma;
- Hypo-and hyperthyroidism.
Meniere's disease is an idiopathic disease, which is associated with endolymphatic swelling and excess fluid in the inner ear. The symptoms of Meniere's disease may be aggravated in the middle ear infection, herpes viruses, head trauma or infections of the upper respiratory tract, aspirin, smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol or excessive consumption of salt.
Meniere's disease suffer from some 190 people from 100,000 Recent studies show that the disease affects women in middle age more often than men.
The symptoms of Meniere's disease
Meniere's disease in the early stages is shown with one symptom gradually progresses. It is difficult to diagnose at an early stage.
The symptoms of Meniere's disease are:
- Dizzy spells that can last from a few minutes to several hours, but not more than 24 hours;
- Temporary hearing loss;
- Nausea, vomiting and sweating;
- Unilateral or bilateral tinnitus;
- Sense of pressure in one or both ears.
It can cause nystagmus, or uncontrollable rhythmic movements of the eyes and sharp, generally in a horizontal plane, which has a direct impact on the coordinated eye movements. Sudden bouts of dizziness may lead to a sharp fall on the floor.
Diagnosis of Meniere's disease
Detailed diagnosis of Meniere's disease includes examination by an otolaryngologist, audiometry and MRI of the head (to exclude vestibular schwannomas or syndrome semilunar hiatus upper channel). Meniere's disease is diagnosed only when all other conditions are excluded.
Treatment of Meniere's disease
Treatment of Meniere's disease can reduce the appearance and reduce the frequency of syndromes, however, full recovery from the disease is impossible.
Drug treatment of Meniere's disease relieves symptoms of dizziness and reduces nausea and vomiting.
Gradual hearing loss is not curable by any means, the disease leads to complete deafness.
Basically the treatment of Meniere's disease is to control symptoms and decrease the frequency of attacks and begins with the selection of the necessary diet for the patient, which reduces the intensity of the future attacks.
Treatment of Meniere's disease include:
- Diuretics, which reduce the accumulation of endolymph in the inner ear;
- Refusal of smoking, alcohol and caffeine;
- Admission antihistamine and sedative drugs that have a suppressive effect on the vestibular apparatus;
- Reducing salt intake;
- Taking medicines that improve cerebral circulation.
If the drug treatment of Meniere's disease does not work, then the surgery. Unfortunately, because of the complexity of the flow and balance disorders of the ear several operations provide a complete loss of hearing.
There are a number of non-destructive rumor operations that aim to improve hearing. The middle ear administered steroids (dexamethasone), which reduce inflammation and alter the internal circulation of the ear.
Also, improvement in Meniere's disease contribute to aromatherapy, yoga and tai chi, and meditation.