General characteristics of the disease
If you come to the doctor and he will deliver you a diagnosis "tracheitis" is no cause for concern here. The disease affects many people of all ages and can be successfully treated without any unpleasant consequences. Tracheitis, whose symptoms are similar to laryngitis or rhinitis is an inflammation, progressive in the tracheal mucosa. As a rule, the disease manifests itself not as an independent disease, and develops against the background of other viral infections (pharyngitis, acute Renita, laryngitis).
Tracheitis - symptoms
First of all, tracheitis in children and adults manifested sore throat, unpleasant sensations in the sternum and a dry cough, which is particularly strong at night and pesters man in the morning. Here are the following features:
- coughing - are unstable and strong only in the morning. At other times, a person needs to take a deep breath in order to provoke a spasmodic reaction;
- cough accompanied by phlegm, as well as severe pain in the throat and chest, which remain after the termination of the attack.
This form of the disease is the result of an acute inflammatory response tracheal mucosa to the action of viral, bacterial or viral and bacterial infections. The most common acute tracheitis, treatment which takes place against the background of other respiratory diseases caused by pneumococcus and influenza bacillus. Staphylococci hit tracheal tissue is much less common. With regard to other factors causing the development of inflammation, among them worth to highlight:
- too dry or too cold air that people breathe;
- General hypothermia;
- some diseases of the heart and lungs;
- poor environmental conditions at the place of residence or work.
The disease is characterized by severe swelling of the mucous membrane of the trachea. The inflammatory process leads to the release of the viscous secretion of mucous or purulent character, fever, headaches and a feeling of weakness. Suddenly appeared cold, which soon gives way to a dry cough and hoarseness - this is one of the most obvious signs that a person develops acute tracheitis. Treatment of the disease is difficult due to the fact that it almost never occurs by itself, "side by side" with acute rhinitis and / or laryngitis.
If you do not pay attention to the acute tracheitis, symptoms and other related factors, then, sooner or later, the disease inevitably progresses to a chronic form. In this process of transformation is accompanied by atrophic or hypertrophic changes in the mucous membrane of the trachea. As with the acute form, chronic tracheitis in children and adults manifested by long bouts of coughing and rather severe pain in the lower parts of the thorax. Sputum has a different character. In some patients it is scanty and sticky, while others - abundant, mucopurulent. Note that regardless of the consistency and intensity of discharge, they are almost always very easily separated.
Tracheitis - treatment in adults
Since the disease most often occurs in the body by the action of infection, tracheitis treatment involves the use of various antibiotics. This therapy brings very good results and effective enough to deal not only with tracheitis, and other inflammations of the upper respiratory tract.
I would like to mention one important point: if you are hypersensitive to the individual components of antibiotics or a mild form of the disease, it is recommended to give up hard drugs. Treatment of tracheitis antibiotics penicillin group is expedient in cases when a person has observed all the signs of acute bacterial infections, namely purulent sputum, fever, severe cough, and fever. But even in such situations it is better to use antibiotics by inhalation. By doing this you ensure their uniform application to the surface of the mucous membrane of the trachea and can reduce the required dose of drugs. If acute tracheitis is mild, it is best to opt out of taking antibiotics and anti-viral, anti, expectorants and antihistamines.
If a person is diagnosed tracheitis, treatment can be carried out by means of traditional medicine. Currently, we came to prominence several more or less effective prescriptions, but we recommend that you do the following inhalation Take sage leaves and eucalyptus, mix them with grass mint and chamomile flowers, add some pine buds and fill the resulting mass of boiled water. Hold a mixture of herbs in a water bath for 30 minutes and then pour it into the inhaler. Couples need to breathe at least 10 and no more than 15 minutes.
Also, tracheitis, whose symptoms often manifest themselves in the early spring and late autumn, bad treated collected from the leaves mother and stepmother, a horsetail, primrose flowers and plantain. Infusion should be taken in the form of heat for half a cup a day, or to rinse their throats.
Tracheitis in children - Treatment and prognosis
The disease affects children of all ages, including infants. It flows against the backdrop of an acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea and acts as an independent disease, and as a complication of influenza or acute respiratory viral infections. The main symptom of tracheitis in children is a frequent barking cough, worse in the morning or after exercise, when the child becomes more frequent breathing. The strongest attacks recorded in the first three days of illness. If you ignore them, and to put the development of inflammation to chance, the children may develop chronic tracheitis. Especially dangerous is the tendency in the case of a child to allergic reactions, as they can trigger diseases of the bronchi.
How to treat tracheitis in children? Treatment consists of regular inhaled and heated procedures (mustard, banks, and other methods). Before that, you should consult your pediatrician to rule out possible complications and to achieve the most effective results. When tracheitis helps rubbing the chest baby balm "asterisk" or "Doctor MOM". It is advisable to use them on the first day of illness. The procedure is done twice a day, and the second time grinding is best done at night.
Of course, do not forget about the prevention of disease. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, tempers of their children and then they are not afraid of many viral infections.