Vitamin B4 (choline) is produced in the human intestine by beneficial bacteria. Liver cells also synthesize certain amount of choline.
The biological function of vitamin B4 (choline)
- Participates in the development of acetylcholine, which is needed for proper functioning of the nervous system;
- It preserves the integrity of cell membranes;
- Located in a part of lecithin;
- It prevents many diseases of the nervous system;
- Lowers cholesterol;
- In hepatitis and chronic alcoholism opposed liver damage.
Choline is especially necessary for pupils, students and those engaged in intellectual work. It contributes to better concentration and memorization of training material. As a result of recent studies have revealed that a high content of vitamin B4 in the diet can not only prevent Alzheimer's disease, but also in cases where it has developed - to slow the progression of the disease.
The need for vitamin B4
Depending on the physical and mental stress, the daily requirement for vitamin B4 in humans varies, but the average adult human body must be from 0, 5 to 1, with the reduction in the diet of proteins containing methionine requirement for vitamin B4 increases. These proteins are donor of methyl groups involved in the synthesis of choline in the body.
Vitamin B4 in food
Vitamin B4 is in foods of animal and vegetable origin:
- Egg yolks;
- Meat, kidneys and liver;
- Cheese and curd;
- Unrefined vegetable oil;
Some medicinal plants also contain choline:
- St. John's wort;
- Shepherd's purse, and so on.
Vitamin B4 in food enters the body when using wholemeal bread, porridge. In autumn it is recommended to compensate for vitamin B4 eat raw cabbage as a salad. And in the winter is good sauerkraut. Early spring can be added to salads and vinaigrettes young nettle leaves and dandelion. They first need to pour boiling water and chop. You can prepare fresh juice. To this end, the young leaves should be passed through a meat grinder, then the green mass squeeze through several layers of cheesecloth. Drink this juice 1-2 tsp a third cup of warm water twice a day.
Lack of vitamin B4 in the body
Restriction food containing vitamin B4, leads to the development gipovitaminoznogo state. Also it can lead to deficiency of folic acid and cyanocobalamin is required for the synthesis of choline. Deficiency of vitamin B4 shown:
- Growth retardation;
- The development of fatty liver;
- Degeneration of renal tubular apparatus.
Vitamin B4 (choline) is involved in solving the problems of diseases: liver cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis B, an infectious disease, atherosclerosis of the heart, eyes, brain, lower limbs, hypothyroidism, diseases of the nervous system.
The overabundance of vitamin B4
Overdose choline causes intoxication - is excessive salivation, drop in blood pressure, depression of the heart muscle, improving gut peristalsis, etc.
Vitamin B4 tablets
When symptoms of beriberi is much more effective to take tablets B vitamins Although vitamin B4 are in many foods, it is possible that his entry into the body is insufficient. Therefore, to avoid health problems, it is recommended to take vitamin B4 tablets.
When taking vitamins, they should drink only pure water. Drink alcoholic drinks and black tea during treatment is undesirable because They greatly reduce the absorption of vitamin B.
To achieve maximum benefit from taking vitamin B4 tablets, it is necessary to comply with the recommended course. The average is three weeks.