Ultrasound of internal organs
Ultrasound of internal organs - is widely used in modern medicine informative diagnostic method based on the method of echolocation. Almost all of the abdominal organs well reflect ultrasound that makes it easy to scan them by this method. During the procedure, the physician will determine the dimensions and the shape, arrangement, structure and tissue constituents, wall thickness, and determines the presence or absence of chronic and acute inflammatory changes, tumors, traumatic damage.
During ultrasound abdominal viscera doctor examines: retroperitoneum, liver, duodenum 12, kidneys and adrenal glands, pancreas, gall bladder and bile duct, stomach, spleen, blood vessels.
Indications for ultrasound of internal organs
- bitter taste in the mouth;
- Having a sense of heaviness in the right upper quadrant;
- Any pain in the abdomen;
- a feeling of "fullness" after a meal;
- acute attack or encircling the pain in the right upper quadrant;
- transferred hepatitis (A, B or C);
- dynamic control already identified ultrasound diseases (pancreatitis, gallstones, liver cysts and pancreatic cancer, a hemangioma or other entity in the liver, cholecystitis).
Indications for ultrasound of internal organs of the child:
- sharp pain in the abdomen;
- suspected appendicitis;
- increasing the size of the spleen or liver;
- aortic aneurysms;
- nephrolithiasis and cholelithiasis.
In general, the purpose of routine inspection of internal organs US pediatricians recommend a child to do one every year. A survey to determine the innate characteristics, identify unwanted malformations, polyps, gallstones and kidney.
Preparation for ultrasound of internal organs
Ultrasound examination is carried out on an empty stomach or after 6 hours after the last meal, if necessary, ultrasound of internal organs of a child under 5 years is not enough 4 hours before the procedure, infants do before the next feeding.
For high-quality results to patients offer additional training to conduct ultrasound of internal organs - diet: 1-2 days for the procedure to eliminate from the diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, vegetable juice, brown bread, legumes and dairy products, as they can trigger bloating bowel undesirable for the study. Do not recommend the day before and to drink fluids, eat chewing gum.
How to conduct ultrasound
Ultrasound of internal organs carried out in two ways: external (scanning) and internal (transvaginal and transrectal women in men when the probe is inserted into the body).
A relatively new method of research is Doppler. With the ability to change the length of the ultrasonic wave reflected by a moving object, its use for diagnosis and blood vessels.