In a literal translation from the Greek word "nephrology" means "the science of the kidneys." This section deals with the study of internal medicine renal diseases, their etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical manifestations. In addition, nephrology developing new methods of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. One of the main sub-science of the kidney is a Pediatric Nephrology. In its area of interest fall into a disease diagnosed in children, including chronic.
Currently, nephrologists use in modern, high-tech equipment that allows to diagnose the disease at an early stage and promptly identify the cause. Among the most known and effective methods of research worth noting: X-ray, radiological, genetic, ultrasound and immunohistochemical methods. Also nephrology widely used tissue biopsy and electron microscopy studies.
In recent years, kidney disease affect more and more people due to environmental degradation and declining quality of life. Especially dangerous is the fact that with chronic glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, and chronic renal failure are increasingly facing infant nephrology, although recently, these diseases were the lot of adults.
Referred to a nephrologist is immediately in all cases, when you see symptoms of kidney and urinary tract. Engage in self - it is dangerous, because very often symptoms of serious diseases are nonspecific and distort the objective assessment of the patient's condition. Help in this situation can only be experienced doctor, who will appoint a full medical examination of the body.