It comes from two Greek words -
(Teaching). This branch of medicine studies the structure and function of the heart, causes of diseases of the cardiovascular system, the mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations of disease, methods of diagnosis of diseases and how to treat them. In addition, children's and adult cardiology deals with disease prevention and rehabilitation of patients with various diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Currently cardiology is one of the most important areas of clinical medicine. This is due to the fact that every year from diseases of the cardiovascular system, millions of people are killed, and as many more - have become disabled, and heart disease are not spared either old or young, often equally affect both men and women, and children. Partly for this reason in recent years, pediatric cardiology transformed from a purely medical in health an important social problem, which must deal with not only doctors, but also the state. The latter, of course, interested in preserving the health of the population and its health, and governments of all developed countries are actively considering programs aimed at combating and prevention of pathologies and malformations of the cardiovascular system.
The main task that confronts a cardiology - timely detect heart disease, hold treatment and care for patients' rehabilitation. It uses the most modern methods and technologies: phonocardiography, electrocardiography, sensing the heart cavities, angiocardiography, ultrasound and X-ray methods. Every year the efficiency of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures is growing. This gives us a reliable, that someday cardiology can not only treat illnesses already appeared, but prevent their occurrence in the early stages of development.