Electrotherapy - a method of physical therapy, based on the controlled exposure of the body of an electric current, magnetic and electromagnetic fields.
Today we know that the human body is three-dimensional conductor ions migrating in the presence of an electromagnetic field. Positively charged particles move to the negative terminal, negatively charged - a positive, ensuring the normal functioning of all body systems.
One of the first methods of electrotherapy was franklinization - a method of combined effects on the body of a constant electric field, accompanied by a "silent" discharge. Designed by the American scientist Benjamin Franklin method of physical therapy have been observed in humans only positive changes: improves blood circulation, lowers blood pressure, provided hiposensibilic and analgesic action, to facilitate the early epithelialization of wounds. Franklinization was the "first step" toward practical medicine treatment of electricity.
Under the low-frequency electrotherapy understood galvanizing method - effects on the direct current voltage and low power.
Sensitivity to galvanic current in various areas of the body are different, so the maximum current is used in the processing of extremities (20-30 mA) for electroplating of the face and mucous membranes of the amount of current is typically less than 5 mA.
Depending on the duration of the low-frequency electrotherapy on the body and its dosage galvanizing causes an improvement of peripheral blood circulation, it helps to restore damaged nerves and tissues. Methods electrotherapy shown in diseases and injuries of the peripheral nervous system, disorders of the spinal cord and cerebral circulation, neurasthenia, vegetative dystonia, chronic inflammatory processes, diseases of the digestive system, hypotension, hypertension, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis in the initial stage.
In cosmetology low-frequency electrotherapy is used to painless removal from the tissue cells of toxins, eliminating the shallow and smoothing wrinkles of age. Galvanised positive effect on dry skin, leaving it smooth and elastic, eliminating dark spots and acne.
Iontophoresis - one method of galvanizing and electrotherapy, based on a combination of effects on the human body and the low frequency current injected along with it the drug, which allow a higher therapeutic efficacy and prolongation action.
Medicinal substances (vitamins, hyaluronic acid) accumulate in the dermis and epidermis, are gradually penetrating the blood and lymph vessels. The procedure for electrotherapy in conjunction with drugs provides a quick and lasting rejuvenating effect.
Low-frequency electrotherapy perfectly compatible with other popular cosmetic procedures: hardware cosmetology, laser rejuvenation, chemical peels, and others.
High-frequency electrotherapy - This method of influence on the human body, which is the application of AC high, ultra-high and ultrahigh frequency, named after the French physicist and physiologist Arsene D'Arsonval.
There are local and general darsonvalization. The course consists of a total of 20-30 electrotherapy treatments and is used in diseases such as hypertension, migraine, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, fatigue, frostbite and non-healing ulcers.
The use of local high-frequency electrotherapy widespread in cosmetology. During the exposure of the electrode to the skin of the face and neck takes a momentary spasm of blood vessels in which the blood and lymph are beginning to circulate rapidly through the body, eliminating congestion, normalizing turgor and skin tone.
For cosmetic purposes darsonvalization apply:
- After medical and hygienic cleaning person;
- Immediately before applying the mask or nourishing cream;
- In order to eliminate the signs of dry, sagging, aging skin;
- For oily skin of the face;
- In conjunction with the head massage.
High-frequency electrotherapy - is an effective and atraumatic method of exposure that causes the patient's positive emotions and provide consistent and visible results.
Pulse electrotherapy (diadynamic or) - a method of influence on the human constant current pulses at 50 and 100 Hz with a continuous alternation of short and long periods. During the procedure the patient feels tingling, slight burning, vibration. Diadynamic improves blood circulation, edema resorption, increasing the oxygen content in the cells of the body, and is used in patients with severe pain syndrome, traumatic injuries, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and joints, epilepsy, migraine and some other diseases.
In the practice of physiotherapy electrotherapy impulse is often used in combination with mud treatment electrophoresis.
Under the influence of stress people are not always able to relieve muscle tension and relaxation. Diadynamic - one of the most effective relaxation techniques helps to normalize the tone of blood vessels spasm, cause contraction of skeletal and smooth muscle.
In cosmetology diadynamic it is rarely used, as the high frequency technique can cause tetanus - an intense contraction of muscle fibers, causing pain.
Contraindications for electrotherapy
Despite the many positive effects of electrotherapy is necessary to resort to with caution, taking into account all the contraindications for electrotherapy:
- Neoplasms of any etiology and localization;
- Feverish state;
- Pustular infection;
- Lack of blood flow grade 3;
- Hypertensive disease stage 3;
- Acute bleeding;
- Venous thrombosis;
- Of drugs, alcohol or mental excitement;
- Individual intolerance;
- Active tuberculosis;
- multiple sclerosis;
- Kidney stones and gallstones;
- Parkinson's Disease;
- Individual intolerance.
For a complete list of diseases, under which the use of electrotherapy is not recommended, can be found at the therapist or doctor-certified beautician.