Balneotherapy - the use of artificially prepared and natural mineral waters for the treatment and prevention of various diseases. Balneotherapy includes a plurality (more than thirty) different procedures.
Prior to the beginning of the nineteenth century spa treatment procedures mainly consisted of balneotherapy - baths and mineral water baths. The stay of patients in the basins lasted for nine or ten hours and was followed by small talk. At the time, it was believed that healing water, penetrating the skin pores, washes the rudiments of any disease.
Indications for balneotherapy procedures
Balneotherapy procedures prescribed for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, nervous system, circulatory system, respiratory system. Balneotherapy is also used in nutritional and metabolic disorders, in diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, chronic intoxications, diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs, eye diseases, diseases of the endocrine system, urinary tract and kidneys.
General contraindications to balneotherapy
Balneotherapy procedures not recommended in malignant tumors, with atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus in severe, thyrotoxicosis, epilepsy, weeping dermatitis and fungal skin diseases. Do not use balneotherapy after recent myocardial infarction or stroke, aneurysm of the heart and great vessels, the tendency to the dynamic of coronary and cerebral circulation, a tendency to bleeding, acute inflammatory processes in the body.
The main methods of balneotherapy
In balneotherapy mineral water used to prepare baths, for drinking, as well as gastric, intestinal, vaginal and other irrigation, washing and wrapping
. The principle of operation of the baths of medicinal waters is composed of influence on the patient's hydrostatic, mechanical, radiation, thermal and chemical factors
. When applying methods balneotherapy specific effects of mineral water are complemented by mechanical stimulation of the muscles, skin and tendons, or exercise
. Nowadays, among all known methods of balneotherapy most widely used salt, radioactive (radon) and gas (hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen) bath
. Carbonic baths are active in the respiratory and circulatory system
. In various forms of serious diseases used dry carbon dioxide baths
. In special installations on the patient affect vapor mixture with a higher concentration of carbon dioxide
The use of baths with hydrogen sulfide as balneotherapy restores imbalance of nerve processes, and stimulates the function of sex glands, thyroid gland, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory action. Hydrogen sulfide contained in the water penetrates into the bloodstream via the respiratory tract and skin.
Nitrogen bath has an analgesic and sedative effect. They lower blood pressure, improve hemodynamics.
Salt baths are prepared from sodium iodide-bromine, sodium chloride mineral water, brine of estuaries and lakes, the sea water. These baths have a pronounced hydrostatic and thermal, sedative and analgesic effect. Radon baths also have a soothing and calming effect. They are used for diseases of the musculoskeletal system and peripheral nervous system.
Contrast baths alternating with using mineral water of different temperatures prescribed to improve hemodynamics in skin diseases, ulcers of the lower leg, endateriite lower extremities.
Irrigation of the head and face of the patient (local shower) used in diseases of different parts of the head and face, neurosis and neuralgia, seborrhea.
Balneotherapy a rising (crotch) soul is prescribed for diseases of the genital organs, prostate, hemorrhoids.
Massage shower with sulphide water is prescribed for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system, as well as obesity.
Therapeutic pools with sea water, with sulphide, sodium chloride medicinal waters commonly used for Therapeutic exercises in diseases of the musculoskeletal system.