19 Weeks Pregnant
At 19 weeks gestation future baby is 17 weeks from the moment of conception, is the fifth lunar month of its development.
Changes to the fetus
The fruit of 19 weeks of pregnancy about 15, 5 cm in length (size is measured from the coccyx to the crown) and weighs up to 250 g
Intensively for 19 weeks of pregnancy developing central nervous system of the unborn child, the nerve cells of the brain substance occupy a permanent place, and the coordination of movements becomes more accurate.
Fetus at 19 weeks of pregnancy continues to branch bronchial tree, there are smaller bronchi. But the light is still not functioning - oxygen future baby through the placenta is received.
The skin of the fetus is covered with soft fuzz on the entire surface, except for the hands and feet, the subcutaneous layer of fat tissue becomes greater. Because of this, blood vessels less shine through the skin, and it seems not so bright red.
The folds of the skin accumulates the product of the sebaceous glands - Elemental (syrovidnaya) lubrication. After the baby is born it protects the skin from drying out, from losing an excessive amount of moisture and pathogenic bacteria (which has antibacterial properties).
It was at this time beginning to be laid rudiments of permanent (indigenous) teeth, they are located deep in the bone under the rudiments of milk teeth. For these purposes, the body of the fetus is necessary a lot of calcium and phosphorus. Starts functioning digestive glands in the intestine accumulates meconium stained with bile.
Changes in women 19 weeks' gestation
To leave a woman's body is preparing to fly. To facilitate the passage of the fetus through the birth canal by that time already silent relax the hip joints, so a woman may complain of pain at 19 weeks' gestation in the back, especially in the lumbar his department. The doctors to relieve pain at 19 weeks of pregnancy are recommended to wear low-heeled shoes, do not stay long in one position and to monitor posture.
The maximum weight gain at 19 weeks gestation does not exceed 6, 3 kg, more precisely it is determined using a calculation of the body mass index.
From 19 weeks of pregnancy, a woman may experience shortness of breath. This state provokes the growing uterus, which presses from below. Belly 19 weeks of pregnancy is already noticeable steps forward, the uterus is determined by 19 cm above the womb.
Among other unpleasant sensations women may be noted flushes sweating, increased heart rate, allocation to 19 weeks of pregnancy drops of colostrum from the breast.
Significantly compared to the first weeks of pregnancy increased the volume of circulating blood through the vessels. But blood pressure can in this regard, several fall, which is one of the causes of fatigue and weakness.
Female 19 weeks of pregnancy can be confusing for cramps in the calf muscles, feel as if his legs "driving." This usually occurs at night. Doctors there are several points of view on the origin of the seizures. According to one version, the growing uterus compresses the abdominal nerves, sensory branches that innervate the legs. Also, the reason may be the lack of a pregnant body calcium and magnesium salts, which in large quantities pass from mother to fetus.
In this period some nulliparous women for the first time can feel the fetal movements, and those who are not the first birth, and feel the point of hitting the inside for several weeks. Clearly visible active movements of the fetus at 19 weeks of pregnancy by ultrasound.
A survey of 19 weeks of pregnancy
Due to changes in blood volume and growing needs fetal women at 19 weeks gestation may develop anemia. Signs of it are increased pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, dark circles under the eyes, fatigue. To exclude anemia doctor in this period is usually recommended to repeat the CBC.
At 19 weeks of pregnancy on ultrasound can pinpoint the boy or girl is in the uterus.
Urinalysis normally should not contain cells (leucocytes, erythrocytes), bacteria, sugars and protein.