Ventolin - a medicament for elimination of asthma attacks (bronchial) and other diseases with reversible obstruction of bronchi.
The main active ingredient: salbutamol.
Salbutamol effect on beta
adrenergic receptors and thereby causes bronchodilation with bronchospasm. Beta
adrenergic receptors of the heart affects slightly. Antiallergic action is to prevent the release of histamine from mast cells and other mediators (slow reacting substance).
10-20% of the dose is absorbed into the bloodstream, which enters the liver and is converted into simpler compounds that are excreted by the kidneys. The residue was administered dose falls in the digestive system and is also absorbed from the intestine into the blood.
Valid Ventolin inhalation falls on the 5th minute. Effect salbutamol lasts for 4 to 6 hours.
Ventolin is available in the following forms:
- Tablets - 20, 50 and 100 pieces. 1 package, 1 tab. comprise 2 to 4 mg and salbutamol.
- Syrup 150 ml vial - 2 mg in 1 ml.
- Bilayer tablet 0.008 g of 20 or 50 pieces. packaged.
- Ventolin inhalation:
- Ventolin nebula (metered aerosol in plastic ampoules) - 200 doses in one vial. 2, 5 ml nebula.
- CFC-free metered aerosols (chlorofluorocarbons which destroy the ozone layer) - 200 doses in one vial. 100mcg salbutamol in one dose.
- Cirop for internal reception - 2 mg in 2 ml, 50 ml vial.
The instructions to the Ventolin indicate that drug taking in bronchial asthma (cupping), and to prevent bronchospasm attacks due to allergic reactions and physical activity.
It is also indicated for the long-term treatment of asthma and other obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema, bronchitis).
Instructions for use Ventolin and Administration
Ventolin inhalation is prescribed for adults to eliminate
bronchospasm attack po100-200 mcg once.
For prophylactic treatment the daily dose - 200 mg 3-4 times; before exercise or exposure to allergens - 200 g 15 min before exposure to factor.
Kids to stop the attack of bronchospasm recommend the use of Ventolin:
- 1-2 mg of funds between the ages of 2 and 6 years old,
- 2 mg of the drug between the ages of 6 to 12 years
- 2-4 mg in the age of 12 years.
For prevention - 100-200 mg three times a day.
Syrup designate an adult to 2 ml 3-4 times a day. If absolutely necessary, increase the dose to 4 ml.
Do not use Ventolin inhalation more than 4 times per day.
For elderly dose is 2 mg three times a day.
Ventolin Nebula for inhalation:
- For adults, the dose is 2, 5 mg (up to 5 mg), the use of the nebulizer to 4 times per day.
- For children, the dose is 2, 5 mg, is applied up to 4 times a day.
Using Ventolin Nebula:
1. Remove the bag from the Nebula;
2. Shake it and holding the upper edge and turn to open;
3. Insert the nebulizer into the open end down and lightly press;
4. Assemble the nebulizer;
5. Use a nebulizer with the medicine inside.
In general, the total daily dose for use Ventolin should not exceed 8 - 10 inhalations (in patients that do not use Serevent). In the case of lack of efficacy in these patients should be revised treatment plan. The use of spacers increases efficiency.
The instructions to the Ventolin contain the following side effects of the drug:
- light hand tremor,
- excitement and hyperactivity in children
- vasodilation and increase in heart rate,
- heart rhythm disturbances,
- paradoxical bronchospasm,
- allergic reactions (hypotension, angioneurotic edema, bronchospasm).
The use Ventolin is contraindicated in the following cases: in case of hypersensitivity to the components of the means of pregnancy, which occurs with complications.
When breast-feeding take medication with caution, there is no data on its safety for infants.
The use Ventolin is possible only by prescription, as a component of combination therapy.
Reduced effectiveness of Ventolin require re-examination of the patient.
The sudden deterioration of the patient while taking the drug can be life-threatening, so it is necessary to urgently seek medical advice. To use caution in thyrotoxicosis.
It is necessary to regularly control the level of potassium in the blood.
Overdose of the drug manifested severe tachycardia. In such cases, Ventolin replaced cardioselective beta-blocking agent.
Do not appoint Ventolin simultaneously with propranolol.
Conditions and terms
The drug is stored in a sheltered from the sun room, with an air temperature not higher than 30 ° C; Do not freeze. The maximum shelf life of aerosol - 3 years for CFC-free aerosol - 2 years.