Timolol refers to the group of beta-blockers and antiglaucoma drugs. The drug is rapidly normalizes increased intraocular pressure, relieves spasms of the eye muscles
and helps to restore vision.
Structure and Composition
The main active substance - timolol 2 5 - 5 mg.
Accessories: benzalkonium chloride, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, purified water.
Timolol is produced in the form of eye drops, a gel for topical application.
Pharmacological action Timolol
Timolol is anti-inflammatory and antihypertensive drugs used to treat eye diseases. It reduces the amount of fluid, facilitating its outflow from the eye.
When the system receiving Timolol improves visual acuity and visual perception during the day and at night. The therapeutic effect is apparent within 30 minutes after instillation of the preparation. The therapeutic effect lasts for 20-24 hours.
During treatment should regularly measure the intraocular pressure and check visual acuity.
Good reviews timolol received as an effective drug for preventing degenerative processes of the eye, reducing vision.
Timolol prescribed for the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and closed-type of congenital glaucoma, ocular hypertension, muscle spasms visual.
Positive feedback is timolol as an auxiliary drug to restore vision after inflammatory diseases of the eye.
Timolol analogs having similar pharmacological actions are pilocarpine, Azopt, Fotil, Xalatan, and Betoptik Okumed. These drugs are effective in reducing intraocular pressure and treating glaucoma of various types.
Instructions for use
In accordance with the instruction necessary timolol instilled into conjunctival sac of 1-2 drops 2 times per day. The attending physician may increase the drug dosage to 3 drops of 0, 5% solution, 2 times a day.
For the prevention and maintenance of normal intraocular pressure Bury 0 25 2% timolol twice daily and 1 drop in each eye.
According to the instructions of timolol should not be prescribed to children under 10 years, and children 10-14 years are designated by 2 drops of 0, 25% solution of 1 times a day.
During treatment, patients who drives the vehicle and engage in activities in low light, observe attention. The drug can temporarily deaden the attention and obscure vision.
Chronic administration of Timolol is necessary to control the integrity of the cornea, a condition of the pupils and to measure the intraocular pressure.
Contraindications to the appointment of Timolol are hypersensitivity and intolerance to the components of the drug, degenerative eye diseases, hypotension, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy and lactation, children under 10 years, rhinitis, diabetes.
Precautions drug prescribed for cerebrovascular insufficiency, hypoglycemia, and in old age.
Side effects Timolol
Timolol can cause the following side effects:
- typical style - increased sensitivity to light, dulling of attention, misty eyes, corneal edema, conjunctival hyperemia, burning in the eyes, lacrimation, blepharitis, keratitis, ptosis;
- system type - rhinitis, nosebleed, paresthesia, collapse, a sharp drop in blood pressure, bradycardia, headache and dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, depression, hallucinations, vomiting, diarrhea, pulmonary insufficiency.
Chronic administration of Timolol may appear allergic reaction - hives, dermatitis, bronchospasm, skin rash.