Baklosan - a muscle relaxant, belonging to the group of drugs with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Pharmacological action Baklosana
Baklosan refers to medicines that reduce the tone of the skeletal muscles, reduces the motor activity.
Inhibition of nerve impulse transmission and muscle tension reduction occurs due to the fact that a drug has the following effects:
- Suppress intermediate neurons;
- It reduces the excitability of sensory fibers of the extremities.
At the same time, Baklosan no effect on neuromuscular transmission of impulses. Therefore, the drug is used in neurological diseases with spasms and pain in the muscles. Application Baklosan in these cases reduces pain, cramps and spasms. Judging by the reviews of Baklosane, improves movement of joints. Because of this, it is possible to use other treatments (massage, physiotherapy, manual therapy).
According to the instructions to tablets Baklosan in the drug contains the main active ingredient (directly baklosan) and other auxiliary components. These are potato starch, lactose, talc, gelatin, ethylcellulose, magnesium stearate.
Produced Baklosan tablets of 10 mg and 25 mg. 10 mg tablet Baklosan marked Valium. Baklosan tablet 25 mg Valium has. Baklosan Tablets round, biconcave, white.
The main indications for use are Baklosana following diseases:
- Multiple sclerosis (increased muscle tone);
- cerebral palsy;
- Traumatic brain injury;
- Alcoholism (nerve disorders, affective states).
In addition, tablets Baklosan prescribed for various diseases of the spinal cord. However, such violations may have a different origin (genesis):
1. Infection (a consequence of an infectious disease);
2. Degenerate (reverse pathological process in the organism);
Examples of the disease may be traumatic origin:
- The tumor syringomyelia;
- Motor neuron disease;
- Trauma (fracture, dislocation).
Instructions for use Baklosan
According to the instructions Baklosan tablet taken orally with water. Application Baklosan tablets involves taking them with food. The starting dose for adults Baklosan application considered dose is 5 mg. Such dose for an adult is 0, 5 Baklosan tablets with a dosage of 10 mg. Take the pill Baklosan need 3 times a day (morning, afternoon and evening). According to the instructions Baklosan, the dose should be gradually increased every three days. Thus, the daily dose application Baklosan ranges from 30 to 75-mg. The dose of the pills Baklosan rises until until a clear therapeutic effect. Despite the fact that the instructions for Baklosan contains the exact dosage regimen, apply the medicine without prescription doctor is not recommended.
In cases in which it is advisable to use Baklosan according to the instructions in large doses (from 75 th to 100 mg daily), administered 25mg tablets Baklosan. According to the instructions Baklosan, the maximum dose of the drug daily requirement is 100 mg.
In the case of Baklosan according to the instructions for the children, it is necessary to comply with special care. Thus, the initial dose of the medication is 5 mg. Is 0, 5 Baklosan tablets 10 mg. Application Baklosan children also assumes the reception 3 times a day with meals. If prescribed by a doctor, it is necessary to increase the dose every three days, gradually increase the dose tablets Baklosan. It should be noted that the maximum dose for children Baklosan tablets varies depending on the age and weight of the child. Thus, the maximum rate of application for Baklosan instructions for children are as follows:
- 12 months to 2 years of age - 10 - 20 mg per day;
- 2 - 6 years - 20 - 30 mg per day;
- 6 - 10 - 30 - 60 mg per day;
- Children over 10 years - 1, 5 - 2 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
In a review of Baklosane contains information that the drug significantly enhances the action of other drugs that affect the central nervous system. In the case of simultaneous application of Baklosan tricyclic antidepressants, muscle tone decreases. The instructions to Baklosan written that, along with the reception means such as levodopa preparations kardidopa and can lead to the following effects:
Elderly (over 65 years) should be cautious about accepting Baklosan tablets. Excess application rate Baklosan at this age is fraught with serious side effects. This can be seen from the reviews Baklosane. Cautious as pills Baklosan in their application needs to be under the following health problems:
Side effects from an overdose of the drug is fraught with numerous health problems. Numerous reviews of Baklosan testify to this.
In case of violation of dosage tablets Baklosan instructions are possible side effects:
- Dry mouth;
- Gait disturbance;
- Constipation or diarrhea;
- Retention of urine;
- Lowering blood pressure;
- Paresthesia (numbness, tingling, numbness);
- Myalgia (muscle pain, swelling);
- Muscle weakness;
- Ataxia (incoordination);
- Tremor (involuntary muscle contractions);
- Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement);
- Paresis of accommodation (visual impairment due to nerve damage of the eye);
- Dysuria (difficult urination);
- Enuresis (incontinence);
- The decrease seizure threshold.
From reviews Baklosane about use of the drug is known that for too long it comes receiving renal dysfunction.
Reviews Baklosane contain many examples of the occurrence of adverse effects relating to the admission of the drug. Therefore, it is advisable to use Baklosan exclusively by order of the attending physician, with strict observance of dosage.
Absolute contraindications to the use of Baklosan instructions are:
- Hypersensitivity to the drug;
- Chronic renal failure;
- Parkinson's Disease;
- Lactation (breastfeeding).
Application Baklosan justified only when absolutely necessary for children under 12 years of age and the elderly.
In addition, it is undesirable to appoint tablets Baklosan according to the instructions in the case of cerebral arteriosclerosis and ulcer (stomach and duodenum).